Document Detail

Assessment of food as a source of exposure to Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20615354     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The National Advisory Committee on Microbiological Criteria for Foods assessed the importance of food as a source of exposure to Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP). MAP is the causative agent of Johne's disease, which affects primarily the small intestine of all ruminants. The significance of MAP as a human pathogen is unknown and is being investigated by several research groups. This document also reviews the efficacy of current detection methods, processing interventions, and MAP inactivation. Research needs related to MAP are provided. The Committee reached the following conclusions: current methods for detection of MAP have significant limitations, and a standard method for the detection of viable MAP cells is needed. Aside from MAP-infected domestic ruminant animals, the organism is found infrequently. If MAP in cattle is controlled, the source of MAP in other animals, food, and water may largely be eliminated. Milk, particularly raw milk, may be a likely food source for human exposure to MAP. Given the prevalence of MAP in U.S. cattle herds, ground beef may be a potential source of MAP. Although humans may be exposed to MAP through a variety of routes, including food and the environment, the frequency and amount of exposure will require additional research.
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of food protection     Volume:  73     ISSN:  0362-028X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Food Prot.     Publication Date:  2010 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-07-09     Completed Date:  2010-09-14     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7703944     Medline TA:  J Food Prot     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1357-97     Citation Subset:  IM    
U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food Safety and Inspection Service, Office of Public Health Science, Washington, DC 20250-3700, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Consumer Product Safety*
Food Contamination / analysis*,  prevention & control
Food Microbiology
Meat / microbiology*
Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis / isolation & purification*,  pathogenicity
Paratuberculosis / epidemiology,  prevention & control,  transmission*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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