Document Detail


An assessment of the feasibility and acceptability of a friendship-based social network recruitment strategy to screen at-risk African American and Hispanic/Latina young women for HIV infection.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23338776     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES To examine the feasibility and acceptability of a friendship-based network recruitment strategy for identifying undiagnosed human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection within young women's same-sex friendship networks and to determine factors that facilitated and hindered index recruiters (IRs) in recruiting female friendship network members (FNMs) as well as factors that facilitated and hindered FNMs in undergoing HIV screening. DESIGN A cross-sectional study design that incorporated dual incentives for IRs and their female FNMs. SETTING The IRs were recruited through 3 Adolescent Trials Network for HIV/AIDS Interventions sites within their Adolescent Medicine Trials Units. Data were collected from January 1, 2009, through June 30, 2010. PARTICIPANTS The IRs self-identifying as HIV positive, negative, or status unknown were enrolled to recruit FNMs to undergo HIV screening. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Self-reports of HIV risk and facilitators and barriers to network recruitment and HIV screening were assessed using an audio-computer-assisted self-interview. Participants were identified as HIV negative or positive on the basis of an OraQuick HIV test with confirmatory enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and/or Western blot tests. RESULTS Nearly all (156 [98.1%]) eligible IRs agreed to participate and most (78.4%) recruited 1 or more FNMs. Of the 381 FNMs, most (342 [89.8%]) agreed to HIV screening. Although a high acceptance of HIV screening was achieved, the HIV prevalence was low (0.26%). CONCLUSION Our findings provide compelling evidence to suggest that use of a female friendship network approach is a feasible and acceptable means for engaging at-risk young women in HIV screening, as shown by their high rates of agreement to undergo HIV screening.
Authors:
Cherrie B Boyer; Lisa Hightow-Weidman; James Bethel; Su X Li; Lisa Henry-Reid; Donna Futterman; Donna Maturo; Diane M Straub; Kourtney Howell; Shirleta Reid; Jaime Lowe; Bill G Kapogiannis; Jonathan M Ellen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  JAMA pediatrics     Volume:  167     ISSN:  2168-6211     ISO Abbreviation:  JAMA Pediatr     Publication Date:  2013 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-03-05     Completed Date:  2013-04-18     Revised Date:  2014-08-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101589544     Medline TA:  JAMA Pediatr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  289-96     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
African Americans*
Cross-Sectional Studies
Feasibility Studies
Female
Florida
Friends
HIV Infections / diagnosis,  ethnology*,  prevention & control
Hispanic Americans*
Humans
Mass Screening / methods*
Social Support*
Young Adult
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
P30 MH062246/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; U01 HD040474/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; U01 HD040515/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; U01 HD040533/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; U01 HD40533/HD/NICHD NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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