Document Detail

Assessing yourself as an emotional eater: mission impossible?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19916640     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: The extent to which individuals are emotional eaters has typically been assessed by people's self-reported desire to eat when they experience negative emotions. Elevated scores on these emotional eater scales have been associated with eating pathology and obesity. However, evidence that individuals scoring high on these scales truly increase their food intake during emotional encounters is inconclusive. The current studies tested whether emotional eater scales capture the proposed tendency to eat when feeling emotional. DESIGN: In four experiments with different emotion induction procedures, female participants were randomly assigned to negative emotion or control conditions. In the control conditions positive or no emotions were induced. Next, food consumption was assessed by bogus taste tests. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Emotional eater status, emotional experience, and actual consumption of different food types. RESULTS: Individuals describing themselves as emotional eaters did not increase food intake during emotional encounters as compared to control conditions or individuals not judging themselves as emotional eaters. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that self-reported emotional eaters do not increase food intake during emotional encounters in the laboratory. Implications of these findings are discussed, including the idea that it may be complex to adequately assess one's own emotional eating behavior.
Catharine Evers; Denise T D de Ridder; Marieke A Adriaanse
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association     Volume:  28     ISSN:  1930-7810     ISO Abbreviation:  Health Psychol     Publication Date:  2009 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-11-17     Completed Date:  2010-02-18     Revised Date:  2010-08-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8211523     Medline TA:  Health Psychol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  717-25     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2009 APA, all rights reserved.
Department of Clinical & Health Psychology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Body Mass Index
Feeding Behavior*
Self Concept
Stress, Psychological*
Young Adult
Comment In:
Health Psychol. 2010 Jul;29(4):343; author reply 344-5   [PMID:  20658818 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Motivational "spill-over" during weight control: Increased self-determination and exercise intrinsic...
Next Document:  Maternal-fetal disease information as a source of exercise motivation during pregnancy.