Document Detail


Assessing wave energy effects on biodiversity: the wave hub experience.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22184674     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Marine renewable energy installations harnessing energy from wind, wave and tidal resources are likely to become a large part of the future energy mix worldwide. The potential to gather energy from waves has recently seen increasing interest, with pilot developments in several nations. Although technology to harness wave energy lags behind that of wind and tidal generation, it has the potential to contribute significantly to energy production. As wave energy technology matures and becomes more widespread, it is likely to result in further transformation of our coastal seas. Such changes are accompanied by uncertainty regarding their impacts on biodiversity. To date, impacts have not been assessed, as wave energy converters have yet to be fully developed. Therefore, there is a pressing need to build a framework of understanding regarding the potential impacts of these technologies, underpinned by methodologies that are transferable and scalable across sites to facilitate formal meta-analysis. We first review the potential positive and negative effects of wave energy generation, and then, with specific reference to our work at the Wave Hub (a wave energy test site in southwest England, UK), we set out the methodological approaches needed to assess possible effects of wave energy on biodiversity. We highlight the need for national and international research clusters to accelerate the implementation of wave energy, within a coherent understanding of potential effects-both positive and negative.
Authors:
M J Witt; E V Sheehan; S Bearhop; A C Broderick; D C Conley; S P Cotterell; E Crow; W J Grecian; C Halsband; D J Hodgson; P Hosegood; R Inger; P I Miller; D W Sims; R C Thompson; K Vanstaen; S C Votier; M J Attrill; B J Godley
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Philosophical transactions. Series A, Mathematical, physical, and engineering sciences     Volume:  370     ISSN:  1364-503X     ISO Abbreviation:  Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-20     Completed Date:  2012-02-14     Revised Date:  2013-04-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101133385     Medline TA:  Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  502-29     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Centre for Ecology and Conservation, University of Exeter, Tremough Campus, Penryn TR10 9EZ, UK. m.j.witt@exeter.ac.uk
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Biodiversity*
Great Britain
Marine Biology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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