Document Detail

Assessing the risks on human health associated with inorganic arsenic intake from groundwater-cultured milkfish in southwestern Taiwan.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17967501     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The risk of consuming groundwater-cultured milkfish (Chanos chanos) was assessed. Samples of water and milkfish from groundwater-cultured ponds in southwestern Taiwan were analyzed. One third of the 12 sampled ponds had arsenic concentrations in the water higher than 50 microg/L, which is the maximum allowed concentration for arsenic in aquacultural water in Taiwan. Of the total amount of arsenic in water, the percentage of inorganic arsenic was 67.5+/-8.8%. The inorganic arsenic level in milkfish was 44.1+/-10.2%. The bioconcentration factors (BCFs) of milkfish for total arsenic and inorganic arsenic were 11.55+/-4.42 and 6.8+/-2.64, respectively. The target cancer risk (TR) for intake of the milkfish from those ponds was higher than the safe standard 1 x 10(-6), while in 8 of the ponds the TR values were higher than 1 x 10(-4). Among the 12 ponds, 7 of those had the target hazard quotient (THQ) for intake of the milkfish higher than the safe standard 1. The actual consumption (IRF) of milkfish from most of those ponds were higher than the calculated acceptable consumption (RBIRF), based on TR = 1 x 10(-6)-1 x 10(-4). Only three sampled ponds (Putai 2, Peimen 2 and Peimen 3) did not show differences between the IRF and the RBIRF. Based on the standard TR = 1 x 10(-6), both the risk-based concentration for inorganic arsenic in milkfish (RBC(f)) and the risk-based concentration for inorganic arsenic in pond water (RBC(w)) were lower than the levels of inorganic arsenic in reared milkfish (C(b)) and the concentration of inorganic arsenic in pond water (C(w)), respectively. When the calculation was based on TR = 1 x 10(-4), only one sampled pond (Putai 3) had a RBC(f) value higher than C(b). The inhabitants might be exposed to arsenic pollution with carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic risks.
M C Lin; C M Liao
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2007-09-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association     Volume:  46     ISSN:  0278-6915     ISO Abbreviation:  Food Chem. Toxicol.     Publication Date:  2008 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-12-25     Completed Date:  2008-03-20     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8207483     Medline TA:  Food Chem Toxicol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  701-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
General Education Center/Graduate Institute of Environmental Management, Nanhua University, Dalin, Chiayi 622, Taiwan.
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MeSH Terms
Arsenic / adverse effects,  analysis*
Food Contamination / analysis*
Neoplasms / chemically induced
Risk Assessment
Water Pollutants, Chemical / analysis*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Water Pollutants, Chemical; 7440-38-2/Arsenic

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