Document Detail


Assessing the potential to use neurocognition to predict who is at risk for developing bipolar disorder: a review of the literature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23137046     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
INTRODUCTION: The importance of early intervention strategies has recently been recognised in the field of psychiatry. Although early intervention strategies in schizophrenia have been extensively studied, recent efforts to identify individuals who are at increased risk for other disorders, such as bipolar disorder, have gained significant interest. There is some available data to suggest that cognitive deficits may precede the onset of mania; therefore, it would be beneficial to identify cognitive predictors of bipolar disorder in an effort to facilitate early intervention.
METHODS: We conducted a literature review of conscript, cohort, high-risk, family-based and first-episode mania studies that assessed neurocognition in order to ascertain potential cognitive predictors of bipolar disorder.
RESULTS: There is little evidence that individuals at risk for bipolar disorder exhibit deficits in global measures of neurocognition, such as IQ. However, deficits in specific neurocognitive domains, including verbal memory and executive function, appear to represent potential predictors of bipolar disorder.
CONCLUSIONS: These conclusions are preliminary; however, they provide a starting point for future work. Additional efforts towards understanding both the clinical and cognitive prodrome will be important in elucidating the pathophysiology of bipolar disorder.
Authors:
Doreen M Olvet; Katherine E Burdick; Barbara A Cornblatt
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review     Date:  2012-11-09
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cognitive neuropsychiatry     Volume:  18     ISSN:  1464-0619     ISO Abbreviation:  Cogn Neuropsychiatry     Publication Date:  2013  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-03-25     Completed Date:  2013-09-10     Revised Date:  2014-01-09    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9713497     Medline TA:  Cogn Neuropsychiatry     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  129-45     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Bipolar Disorder / psychology*
Cognition / physiology*
Cohort Studies
Family
Humans
Intelligence Tests
Longitudinal Studies
Neuropsychological Tests*
Predictive Value of Tests
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
Risk Assessment
Schizophrenic Psychology
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
P30 MH074543/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; R01 MH061523/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; R21 MH079326/MH/NIMH NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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