Document Detail

Assessing the potential health impacts of the 2003 and 2007 firestorms on bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops trucatus) in San Diego Bay.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23905966     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract Context: Firestorms negatively affected air quality throughout San Diego County during 2003 and 2007, including the San Diego Bay, which houses the Navy's bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus). Objective: To assess the potential impact of the 2003 and 2007 fires on dolphin health. Materials and methods: Hematology and serum chemistry values were evaluated retrospectively among Navy dolphins the year and month before; during; and the month after the 2003 and 2007 fires. Results: Both 2003 and 2007 fires were associated with lower calcium either during or the month post-fire compared to the control periods. During and the month following the 2003 fire, dolphins had higher serum carbon dioxide compared to the control periods. Dolphins during and the month following the 2007 fire had lower absolute or percent neutrophils and higher chloride. The 2007 fire was also associated with increased percent eosinophils during the fire and higher percent monocytes and bilirubin the month following the fire compared to the control periods. Discussion and conclusion: Consistent with what has been previously reported in humans and other animals, this study supports that fire smoke inhalation may have mild effects on dolphin physiology, including calcium homeostasis, lung function and immune response.
Stephanie Venn-Watson; Cynthia R Smith; Eric D Jensen; Teri Rowles
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Inhalation toxicology     Volume:  25     ISSN:  1091-7691     ISO Abbreviation:  Inhal Toxicol     Publication Date:  2013 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-08-02     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8910739     Medline TA:  Inhal Toxicol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  481-91     Citation Subset:  IM    
National Marine Mammal Foundation , San Diego, CA , USA .
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