Document Detail


Assessing the knowledge of the potential harm to others caused by second-hand smoke and its impact on protective behaviours at home.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22201034     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Smokers' knowledge of the risks of second-hand smoke (SHS) and the role this plays in implementing behaviours to reduce the SHS exposure of others have not been thoroughly explored. Mass media health promotion is used to promote behaviour change partly by providing information on the consequences of behaviour. In England, between 2003 and 2006, frequent mass media campaigns highlighted the toxicity of SHS.
OBJECTIVES: To examine peoples' knowledge of SHS-related illnesses in England over time, identify the determinants of good knowledge and to assess its importance in predicting SHS-protective behaviours.
METHODS: Statistical analysis of repeat cross-sectional data (1996-2008) from the Omnibus Survey to explore the trends and determinants of knowledge of SHS-related illnesses and the determinants of SHS-protective behaviours.
RESULTS: Only 40% of smokers had 'good' knowledge of SHS-related illnesses compared with 65% of never smokers. Knowledge increased markedly when frequent SHS-related mass media campaigns (2003-06) ran, compared with earlier years (1996-2002). Smokers with better knowledge were more likely to have smoke-free homes [odds ratio (OR): 1.10, 1.04-1.16] and abstain from smoking in a room with children (OR: 1.11, 1.09-1.14).
CONCLUSIONS: The low levels of knowledge of some SHS-related conditions, especially among smokers, and the relationship between knowledge and SHS-protective behaviours, suggest that greater efforts to educate smokers about the risks associated with SHS are worthwhile.
Authors:
Karen A Evans; Michelle Sims; Ken Judge; Anna Gilmore
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2011-12-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of public health (Oxford, England)     Volume:  34     ISSN:  1741-3850     ISO Abbreviation:  J Public Health (Oxf)     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-05-21     Completed Date:  2012-09-06     Revised Date:  2013-06-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101188638     Medline TA:  J Public Health (Oxf)     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  183-94     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department for Health, University of Bath, Claverton Down, Bath BA2 7AY, UK. k.a.evans@bath.ac.uk
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Air Pollution, Indoor / adverse effects*
Cross-Sectional Studies
Data Collection
England
Female
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
Health Promotion
Humans
Logistic Models
Male
Middle Aged
Tobacco Smoke Pollution / adverse effects*
Young Adult
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
PR-SF-0707-10004//Department of Health; //British Heart Foundation; //Cancer Research UK; //Medical Research Council
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Tobacco Smoke Pollution
Comments/Corrections

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