Document Detail

Assessing frequency effects on verb inflection use by Spanish-speaking individuals with agrammatism: theoretical and clinical implications.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20380248     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The resistance of high-frequency linguistic elements to aphasic impairment suggests that frequency of occurrence may be implicated in verb use differences in agrammatic aphasia. The highly-inflected Spanish verb system allows for the examination of frequency of occurrence along two main metrics, daily usage frequency and paradigmatic frequency. In this study, we explored the role of those two frequency dimensions in verb repetition by Spanish speakers with agrammatism. Six native Spanish-speaking individuals with agrammatic oral expression were matched for age, education and Spanish dialect with six speakers with typical language. The speakers participated in a sentence repetition task involving simple verb tenses. Results revealed that high frequency in daily usage can have a stronger facilitating effect on verb repetition than paradigmatic frequency. Theoretical and clinical implications of the findings are discussed to highlight some plausible repercussions of typical discourse patterns in providing a socio-cognitive dimension to agrammatism theory and in supporting the use of frequency-based linguistic features in agrammatism therapy.
Jos? G Centeno; Helen Smith Cairns
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of speech-language pathology     Volume:  12     ISSN:  1754-9507     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Speech Lang Pathol     Publication Date:  2010 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-04-12     Completed Date:  2010-05-18     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101320232     Medline TA:  Int J Speech Lang Pathol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  35-46     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, St. John's University, 8000 Utopia Parkway, Queens, NY 11439, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Aphasia, Broca / physiopathology*
Case-Control Studies
Hispanic Americans*
Middle Aged
Speech / physiology*
Verbal Behavior / physiology*

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