Document Detail


Assessing fluoride levels of carbonated soft drinks.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10573939     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Dental fluorosis occurs as a result of excessive total fluoride intake during tooth development. Some children may receive substantial intake from soft drinks, but few studies have reported fluoride levels in soft drinks. The authors examined the fluoride concentrations of 332 soft drinks. METHODS: Soft drinks were purchased from Iowa grocery stores. To identify production sites, the authors recorded product details and batch numbers. After decarbonating the drinks, the authors assayed samples for fluoride content using a fluoride ion-specific electrode, and reported the results in parts per million, or ppm, using appropriate standards and duplicate assessments. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize the findings. RESULTS: The fluoride levels of the products ranged from 0.02 to 1.28 ppm, with a mean level of 0.72 ppm. Fluoride levels exceeded 0.60 ppm for 71 percent of the products. Results varied substantially by production site, even within the same company and for the same product. There were no substantial differences between flavors or between diet and regular soft drinks. CONCLUSIONS: The majority of soft drinks had fluoride levels exceeding 0.60 ppm. Variation in fluoride levels probably is due largely to the different water sources used in production. CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: With no fluoride levels marked on the soft drink products or easily available from the manufacturers, it is not possible for clinicians or consumers to directly estimate fluoride ingestion from carbonated beverages. Therefore, to reduce the risk of dental fluorosis, dental and medical practitioners should be cautious about prescribing dietary fluoride supplements to preschool-aged children in nonfluoridated areas who consume large quantities of carbonated soft drinks.
Authors:
J R Heilman; M C Kiritsy; S M Levy; J S Wefel
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Dental Association (1939)     Volume:  130     ISSN:  0002-8177     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Dent Assoc     Publication Date:  1999 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-01-04     Completed Date:  2000-01-04     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503060     Medline TA:  J Am Dent Assoc     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1593-9     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Affiliation:
Dows Institute for Dental Research, College of Dentistry, University of Iowa, Iowa City, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Carbonated Beverages / adverse effects,  analysis*,  statistics & numerical data
Child
Fluorides / adverse effects,  analysis*
Fluorosis, Dental / etiology
Humans
Iowa
Longitudinal Studies
Risk Factors
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
1RO1-DE12101/DE/NIDCR NIH HHS; 2RO1-DE09551/DE/NIDCR NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Fluorides

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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