Document Detail


Assessing early communication behaviours: structure and validity of the Communication and Symbolic Behaviour Scales-Developmental Profile (CSBS-DP) in 12-month-old infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19886849     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Parent report instruments are frequently used for the identification of both 'at-risk' children and to support the diagnosis of communication delay. Whilst the evidence is strong for the accuracy of parent report of vocabulary between 2 and 3 years, there are fewer studies that have considered the ability of parents to report on early communication behaviours in 12-month-old infants.
AIMS: To investigate the validity of the underlying structure of the Communication and Symbolic Behaviour Scales-Developmental Profile (CSBS-DP) for each of the direct observation and parent reports of communication behaviour in infants at 12 months of age.
METHODS & PROCEDURES: Participants were 1725 infants, already participating in a longitudinal study of language development, whose parents completed the Infant-Toddler Checklist from the CSBS-DP. Seven hundred and twenty-eight (728) of these infants also completed the Behaviour Sample from the CSBS-DP. The structure of the CSBS-DP was examined using confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) of the Behaviour Sample and the Infant-Toddler Checklist. Correlations between the Infant-Toddler Checklist and the Behaviour Sample on the total, composite, and subscale scores were also calculated.
OUTCOMES & RESULTS: Confirmatory factor analysis of the CSBS-DP Behaviour Sample replicated previous work conducted during the development of the instrument, but on a larger and younger cohort of Australian infants. The data provided support for at least three factors, broadly representing Social, Speech, and Symbolic communication skills, with some evidence that the speech factor could be further split into sub-factors representing Sounds and Words. There was support for a three-factor structure for the Infant-Toddler Checklist. Moderate correlations were found between results from the Behaviour Sample and the Infant-Toddler Checklist.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: As measures of early communication skill for young infants, the CSBS-DP Behaviour Sample and the Infant-Toddler Checklist are valid clinical tools for measuring constructs broadly representing Social, Speech, and Symbolic communication skills. The Speech composite in particular emerged as a strong factor under the Behaviour Sample.
Authors:
Patricia Ann Eadie; Obioha Ukoumunne; Jemma Skeat; Margot Ruth Prior; Edith Bavin; Lesley Bretherton; Sheena Reilly
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Validation Studies    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of language & communication disorders / Royal College of Speech & Language Therapists     Volume:  45     ISSN:  1460-6984     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Lang Commun Disord     Publication Date:    2010 Sep-Oct
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-09-29     Completed Date:  2011-01-25     Revised Date:  2011-09-06    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9803709     Medline TA:  Int J Lang Commun Disord     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  572-85     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Language & Literacy Group, Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Royal Children's Hospital, Parkville, Melbourne, VIC, Australia. krdpae@bigpond.net.au
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Case-Control Studies
Child Language
Communication*
Factor Analysis, Statistical
Female
Humans
Infant
Language Development Disorders / prevention & control*
Male
Mass Screening / methods*
Nonverbal Communication
Psychological Tests*
Reproducibility of Results
Victoria

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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