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Assessing Response to Stroke Thrombolysis: Validation of 24-Hour Multimodal Magnetic Resonance Imaging.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21911654     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Imaging is used as a surrogate for clinical outcome in early-phase stroke trials. Assessment of infarct growth earlier than the standard 90 days used for clinical end points may be equally accurate and more practical. OBJECTIVE: To compare assessment of the effect of reperfusion therapies using 24-hour vs day 90 magnetic resonance imaging. DESIGN: Infarct volume was assessed on diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) at baseline and 24 hours after stroke onset and on fluid-attenuated inversion recovery images at day 90. The DWI and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery lesions were manually outlined by 2 independent raters, and the volumes were averaged. Interrater consistency was assessed using the median difference in lesion volume between raters. SETTING: Referral center. Patients  Imaging data were available for 83 patients; 77 of these patients received thrombolysis. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Infarct volume at 24 hours and 90 days. RESULTS: The 24-hour DWI infarct volume had a strong linear correlation with day 90 fluid-attenuated inversion recovery infarct volume (r = 0.98, 95% confidence interval, 0.97-0.99). Recanalization had a significant effect on infarct evolution between baseline and 24 hours but not between 24 hours and day 90. Infarct growth from baseline was significantly reduced by recanalization, whether assessed at 24 hours or day 90. Infarct volume at either time point predicted functional outcome independent of age and baseline stroke severity. Interrater agreement was better for DWI than fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (1.4 mL [8%] vs 1.8 mL [17%]; P = .002). CONCLUSIONS: Assessment of final infarct volume using DWI at 24 hours captures the effect of reperfusion therapies on infarct growth and predicts functional outcome similarly to imaging at day 90. This has the potential to reduce loss to follow-up in trials and may add early prognostic information in clinical practice.
Bruce C V Campbell; Hans T H Tu; Søren Christensen; Patricia M Desmond; Christopher R Levi; Christopher F Bladin; Niels Hjort; Mahmoud Ashkanian; Christine Sølling; Geoffrey A Donnan; Stephen M Davis; Leif Ostergaard; Mark W Parsons
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-9-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of neurology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1538-3687     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-9-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372436     Medline TA:  Arch Neurol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Tu, and Davis), Neurology (Drs Campbell, Tu, and Davis), and Radiology (Drs Campbell, Christensen, and Desmond), Royal Melbourne Hospital, and Florey Neuroscience Institutes (Dr Donnan), University of Melbourne, Parkville, Department of Neurology and Hunter Medical Research Institute, John Hunter Hospital, University of Newcastle, Newcastle (Drs Levi and Parsons), and Department of Neurology, Box Hill Hospital, Monash University, Melbourne (Dr Bladin), Australia; and Center of Functionally Integrative Neuroscience, Department of Neuroradiology, Århus University Hospital, Århus, Denmark (Drs Hjort, Ashkanian, Sølling, and Østergaard).
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