Document Detail


Assessing the impact of paternal involvement on racial/ethnic disparities in infant mortality rates.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20512407     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We sought to assess the contribution of paternal involvement to racial disparities in infant mortality. Using vital records data from singleton births in Florida between 1998 and 2005, we generated odds ratios (OR), 95% confidence intervals (CI), and preventative fractions to assess the association between paternal involvement and infant mortality. Paternal involvement status was based on presence/absence of paternal first and/or last name on the birth certificate. Disparities in infant mortality were observed between and within racial/ethnic subpopulations. When compared to Hispanic (NH)-white women with involved fathers, NH-black women with involved fathers had a two-fold increased risk of infant mortality whereas infants born to black women with absent fathers had a seven-fold increased risk of infant mortality. Elevated risks of infant mortality were also observed for Hispanic infants with absent fathers (OR = 3.33. 95%CI = 2.66-4.17). About 65-75% of excess mortality could be prevented with increased paternal involvement. Paternal absence widens the black-white gap in infant mortality almost four-fold. Intervention programs to improve perinatal paternal involvement may decrease the burden of absent father-associated infant mortality.
Authors:
Amina P Alio; Alfred K Mbah; Jennifer L Kornosky; Deanna Wathington; Phillip J Marty; Hamisu M Salihu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of community health     Volume:  36     ISSN:  1573-3610     ISO Abbreviation:  J Community Health     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-01-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7600747     Medline TA:  J Community Health     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  63-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Community and Family Health, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA. aalio@health.usf.edu
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