Document Detail

Assessing the impact of paternal involvement on racial/ethnic disparities in infant mortality rates.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20512407     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
We sought to assess the contribution of paternal involvement to racial disparities in infant mortality. Using vital records data from singleton births in Florida between 1998 and 2005, we generated odds ratios (OR), 95% confidence intervals (CI), and preventative fractions to assess the association between paternal involvement and infant mortality. Paternal involvement status was based on presence/absence of paternal first and/or last name on the birth certificate. Disparities in infant mortality were observed between and within racial/ethnic subpopulations. When compared to Hispanic (NH)-white women with involved fathers, NH-black women with involved fathers had a two-fold increased risk of infant mortality whereas infants born to black women with absent fathers had a seven-fold increased risk of infant mortality. Elevated risks of infant mortality were also observed for Hispanic infants with absent fathers (OR = 3.33. 95%CI = 2.66-4.17). About 65-75% of excess mortality could be prevented with increased paternal involvement. Paternal absence widens the black-white gap in infant mortality almost four-fold. Intervention programs to improve perinatal paternal involvement may decrease the burden of absent father-associated infant mortality.
Amina P Alio; Alfred K Mbah; Jennifer L Kornosky; Deanna Wathington; Phillip J Marty; Hamisu M Salihu
Related Documents :
10920677 - Infant mortality statistics from the 1998 period linked birth/infant death data set.
7558637 - Otitis media in a population of black american and white american infants, 0-2 years of...
3358397 - Epidemiology of the early amnion rupture spectrum of defects.
1791517 - Early childhood and maternal antecedents to drug use.
11429117 - Characterization of hiv type 1 tat sequences associated with perinatal transmission.
24104957 - Urinary tract infection in outpatient febrile infants younger than 30 days of age: a 10...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of community health     Volume:  36     ISSN:  1573-3610     ISO Abbreviation:  J Community Health     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-01-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7600747     Medline TA:  J Community Health     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  63-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Community and Family Health, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Flow cytometric identification of CD93 expression on naive T lymphocytes (CD4(+)CD45RA (+) cells) in...
Next Document:  Misunderstandings concerning genetics among patients confronting genetic disease.