Document Detail


Assessing the Effects of Silver Nanoparticles on Biological Nutrient Removal in Bench-Scale Activated Sludge Sequencing Batch Reactors.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24364625     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Consumer products such as clothing and medical products are increasingly integrating silver and silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) into base materials to serve as an antimicrobial agent. Thus it is critical to assess the effects of AgNPs on wastewater microorganisms essential to biological nutrient removal. In the present study, pulse and continuous additions of 0.2 and 2 ppm gum arabic and citrate coated AgNPs as well as Ag as AgNO3 were fed into sequencing batch reactors (SBRs) inoculated with nitrifying sludge. Treatment efficiency (COD and ammonia removal), Ag dissolution measurements, and 16S rRNA bacterial community analyses (T-RFLP) were performed to evaluate the response of the SBRs to Ag addition. Results suggest that the AgNPs may have been precipitating in the SBRs. While COD and ammonia removal decreased by as much as 30% or greater directly after spikes, SBRs were able to recover within 24 h (3 HRTs) and resume removal near 95%. T-RFLP results indicate Ag spiked SBRs were similar in 16s rRNA bacterial community. The results shown in this study indicate that wastewater treatment could be impacted by Ag and AgNPs in the short term but the amount of treatment disruption will depend on the magnitude of influent Ag.
Authors:
Christina L Alito; Claudia K Gunsch
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-12-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental science & technology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1520-5851     ISO Abbreviation:  Environ. Sci. Technol.     Publication Date:  2013 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-12-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0213155     Medline TA:  Environ Sci Technol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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