Document Detail

Aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease: update on pathogenesis and desensitization.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23047310     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD) is a unique syndrome of airway inflammation that frequently occurs in patients with nasal polyposis, chronic sinusitis, and asthma. These patients tend to have progressive and recalcitrant sinus disease requiring frequent surgical intervention and in many cases systemic corticosteroids. Much about the pathogenesis of AERD remains unclear, but environmental factors likely play a prominent role in its development. Avoidance of aspirin or nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) is imperative in the initial counseling of these patients. Because most of the exposure to these medications is available over the counter, most patients will experience a significant respiratory reaction to full therapeutic doses of seemingly innocent NSAIDs. Although the history of a reaction to aspirin or another NSAID is a very important part of making the diagnosis, the gold standard remains an observed aspirin challenge. Given the prevalence and usefulness of aspirin and NSAID therapy in primary care clinics, an accurate diagnosis should be made in all patients. Desensitization is an effective treatment option for many patients. Recent advances have made this procedure considerably safer and outpatient aspirin desensitization is now the standard of care.
Andrew A White; Donald D Stevenson
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-10-09
Journal Detail:
Title:  Seminars in respiratory and critical care medicine     Volume:  33     ISSN:  1098-9048     ISO Abbreviation:  Semin Respir Crit Care Med     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9431858     Medline TA:  Semin Respir Crit Care Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  588-94     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.
Division of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology, Scripps Clinic, San Diego, California.
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