Document Detail


Artificial larynx prosthesis: comparative clinical evaluation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6690877     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The work pioneered by Drs. Singer and Blom established the clinical feasibility of controlled tracheoesophageal fistula for generation of fluent esophageal speech. There have been numerous practical difficulties that have been encountered with the use of voice prosthesis. Problems encountered are: extrusion, speech initiation delay, leakage around the prosthesis, stoma obstruction, and low volume output. A second generation laryngeal prosthesis is introduced for comparison. Its design incorporates features that will significantly improve the clinical problems encountered; extrusion is minimized; and the new prosthesis allows for one size to fit all patients. A clinical trial was established to directly compare the artificial speech generated by the currently existing laryngeal prosthesis. Each laryngectomy patient was fitted with three different devices and the resulting speech was evaluated. Video recordings of patients are presented to illustrate the type of speech produced by each device. Comparisons of intelligibility, fluency, volume, and patient preference are made. Results indicate that a significant variation in the speech obtained is critically dependent on the choice of prosthesis.
Authors:
J L Henley-Cohn; J N Hausfeld; G Jakubczak
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Laryngoscope     Volume:  94     ISSN:  0023-852X     ISO Abbreviation:  Laryngoscope     Publication Date:  1984 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1984-02-24     Completed Date:  1984-02-24     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8607378     Medline TA:  Laryngoscope     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  43-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Consumer Satisfaction
Humans
Laryngectomy / rehabilitation
Larynx, Artificial*
Speech Intelligibility

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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