Document Detail

Arthroscopic treatment of tenosynovitis of the flexor hallucis longus tendon.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23199862     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Tenosynovitis of the flexor hallucis longus (FHL) tendon is a condition typically found in ballet dancers and sometimes in soccer players and is related to chronic overuse. A traumatic cause for this situation, such as an ankle sprain, is considered rare. In case of failure of conservative treatment, the tendon can be surgically released, which is usually done through an open procedure. This article presents the results of an arthroscopic release of the FHL.
METHODS: Twenty-seven patients underwent surgery for FHL tenosynovitis over a period of 18 months. The mean age of the patients was 34 years. All patients related the onset of the condition with an ankle sprain. Eighteen patients were on worker's compensation and five had sport-related accidents. None of the patients was a professional athlete or a ballet dancer. The mean follow-up was 32 months. The outcome was measured with a satisfaction questionnaire and with the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot scoring system.
RESULTS: The mean postoperative AOFAS score was 89 with 70% excellent or good results. Mean satisfaction rate was 4 (range, 0 to 5); 89% of the patients would undergo the procedure again. Twenty-two patients (81%) returned to the same level of activity in work and sports. A complication rate of 18% (five patients) and reoperation rate of 4% (one patient) were found.
CONCLUSION: Arthroscopic release of the FHL tendon was a valid procedure. It was a minimally invasive surgery that allowed good visualization of the involved structures and yielded good results. This condition can be related to trauma and is not an exclusive disease of ballet dancers or overuse.
Nuno Manuel Corte-Real; Rodrigo Manuel Moreira; Francisco Guerra-Pinto
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Foot & ankle international     Volume:  33     ISSN:  1071-1007     ISO Abbreviation:  Foot Ankle Int     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-03     Completed Date:  2013-03-12     Revised Date:  2014-08-27    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9433869     Medline TA:  Foot Ankle Int     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1108-12     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Ankle Injuries / complications
Follow-Up Studies
Middle Aged
Patient Satisfaction
Postoperative Complications
Retrospective Studies
Sprains and Strains / complications
Synovial Membrane / surgery
Tendons / surgery*
Tenosynovitis / etiology,  surgery*
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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