Document Detail

Arthroscopic capsular release for refractory shoulder stiffness.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23849706     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the results of the arthroscopic treatment of refractory adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder with two to nine years of follow-up, comparing the pre- and postoperative range of motion.
METHODS: This was an observational study (case series) of 18 patients who underwent arthroscopic capsular release for refractory shoulder stiffness. The mean age was of 53.6 years (range: 39 to 68), with female predominance (77.77%) and nine cases left shoulders. There were 6 primary (33.33%) and 12 secondary cases (66.67%). Arthroscopic capsular release was performed in all patients after a mean of 9.33 months of physical therapy (range: 6 to 20 months) with a minimum follow-up of two years (range: 26 to 110 months).
RESULTS: The mean active and passive forward flexion, external rotation and internal rotation increased from 94.4°/103.3°, 11.9°/21.9°, and S1/L5 vertebral level, respectively, to 151.1°/153.8°, 57.2°/64.4°, and T12/T10 vertebral level, respectively. There was a significant difference between the pre- and postoperative range of motion (p < 0.001). According to the Constant-Murley functional score (ROM), the value increased from 14 (preoperative mean) to 30 points (postoperative mean). Postoperatively, all patients showed diminished shoulder pain (none or mild/15 or 10 points in the Constant-Murley score).
CONCLUSION: Arthroscopic treatment is an effective treatment for refractory shoulder stiffness.
Marcos Rassi Fernandes
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-7-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Revista da Associacao Medica Brasileira (1992)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  0104-4230     ISO Abbreviation:  Rev Assoc Med Bras     Publication Date:  2013 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-7-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9308586     Medline TA:  Rev Assoc Med Bras     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG; POR     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.
Department of Ortopedics and Traumatology, Medical School, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, Go, Brazil. Electronic address:
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