Document Detail

Arthrometric measurement of ankle-complex motion: normative values.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21391797     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
CONTEXT: Valid and reliable measurements of ankle-complex motion have been reported using the Hollis Ankle Arthrometer. No published normative data of ankle-complex motion obtained from ankle arthrometry are available for use as a reference for clinical decision making.
OBJECTIVE: To describe the distribution variables of ankle-complex motion in uninjured ankles and to establish normative reference values for use in research and to assist in clinical decision making.
DESIGN: Descriptive laboratory study.
SETTING: University research laboratory.
PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: Both ankles of 50 men and 50 women (age = 21.78 ± 2.0 years [range, 19-25 years]) were tested.
INTERVENTION(S): Each ankle underwent anteroposterior (AP) and inversion-eversion (I-E) loading using an ankle arthrometer.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Recorded anterior, posterior, and total AP displacement (millimeters) at 125 N and inversion, eversion, and total I-E rotation (degrees) at 4 Nm.
RESULTS: Women had greater ankle-complex motion for all variables except for posterior displacement. Total AP displacement of the ankle complex was 18.79 ± 4.1 mm for women and 16.70 ± 4.8 mm for men (U = 3742.5, P < .01). Total I-E rotation of the ankle complex was 42.10 degrees ± 9.0 degrees for women and 34.13 degrees ± 10.1 degrees for men (U = 2807, P < .001). All variables were normally distributed except for anterior displacement, inversion rotation, eversion rotation, and total I-E rotation in the women's ankles and eversion rotation in the men's ankles; these variables were skewed positively.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study increases the available database on ankle-complex motion, and it forms the basis of norm-referenced clinical comparisons and the basis on which quantitative definitions of ankle pathologic conditions can be developed.
Neil A Schwarz; John E Kovaleski; Robert J Heitman; Larry R Gurchiek; Coral Gubler-Hanna
Related Documents :
21434977 - A survey of the availability of sunscreen filters in the uk.
21187807 - Systematic review of flexor tendon rehabilitation protocols in zone ii of the hand.
21220317 - Disruption of circadian clocks has ramifications for metabolism, brain, and behavior.
3168707 - Three cases with light-induced retinopathy.
12770467 - The effect of flash duration and flash shape on entrainment in pteroptyx malaccae, a sy...
3998217 - Developing pigeon retina: light-evoked responses and ultrastructure of outer segments a...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of athletic training     Volume:  46     ISSN:  1938-162X     ISO Abbreviation:  J Athl Train     Publication Date:    2011 Mar-Apr
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-03-11     Completed Date:  2011-09-20     Revised Date:  2013-06-30    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9301647     Medline TA:  J Athl Train     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  126-32     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Health & Physical Education, University of South Alabama, Mobile, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Ankle / anatomy & histology,  physiology*
Ankle Joint
Arthrometry, Articular / methods*
Joint Instability
Physical Examination
Range of Motion, Articular*
Reference Values
Sex Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  The assessment of airway maneuvers and interventions in university Canadian football, ice hockey, an...
Next Document:  Chronic ankle instability: evolution of the model.