Document Detail

Arteriovenous malformation and gastrointestinal bleeding in patients with the HeartMate II left ventricular assist device.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21530318     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: In this study we investigated gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding and its relationship to arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) in patients with the continuous-flow HeartMate II (HMII) left ventricular assist device (LVAD). METHODS: The records of 172 patients who received HMII support between November 2003 and June 2010 were reviewed. Patients were considered to have GI bleeding if they had 1 or more of the following symptoms: guaiac-positive stool; hematemesis; melena; active bleeding at the time of endoscopy or colonoscopy; and blood within the stomach at endoscopy or colonoscopy. The symptom(s) had to be accompanied by a decrease of >1 g/dl in the patient's hemoglobin level. The location of the bleeding was identified as upper GI tract, lower GI tract or both according to esophagogastroduodenoscopy, colonoscopy, small-bowel enteroscopy or mesenteric angiography. Post-LVAD implantation anti-coagulation therapy consisted of warfarin, aspirin and dipyridamole. RESULTS: Thirty-two of the 172 patients (19%) had GI bleeding after 63 ± 62 (range 8 to 241) days of HMII support. Ten patients had GI bleeding from an AVM; these included 3 patients who had 2 bleeding episodes and 2 patients who had 5 episodes each. Sixteen patients had upper GI bleeding (10 hemorrhagic gastritis, 4 gastric AVM, 2 Mallory-Weiss syndrome), 15 had lower GI bleeding (6 diverticulosis, 6 jejunal AVM, 1 drive-line erosion of the colon, 1 sigmoid polyp, 1 ischemic colitis) and 1 had upper and lower GI bleeding (1 colocutaneous and gastrocutaneous fistula). All GI bleeding episodes were successfully managed medically. CONCLUSIONS: Arteriovenous malformations can cause GI bleeding in patients with continuous-flow LVADs. In all cases in this series, GI bleeding was successfully managed without the need for surgical intervention.
Zumrut T Demirozu; Rajko Radovancevic; Lyone F Hochman; Igor D Gregoric; George V Letsou; Biswajit Kar; Roberta C Bogaev; O H Frazier
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-4-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of heart and lung transplantation : the official publication of the International Society for Heart Transplantation     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1557-3117     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-5-2     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9102703     Medline TA:  J Heart Lung Transplant     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Department of Cardiopulmonary Transplantation, Texas Heart Institute at St. Luke's Episcopal Hospital, Houston, Texas; Center for Cardiac Support, Texas Heart Institute at St. Luke's Episcopal Hospital, Houston, Texas.
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