Document Detail


Arteriovenous fistula in chronic renal failure patients: comparison between three different anesthetic techniques.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10932689     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The creation of arteriovenous fistula is an established form of therapy for patients with chronic renal failure. Anesthetic management in such patients is governed by the presence of risk factors such as hypertension, ischemic heart disease, diabetes, chronic pulmonary disease, anemia, coagulopathy, metabolic acidosis and/or hyperkalemia. In an attempt to improve the quality of anesthetic care and outcome we designed the present study to compare the different anesthetic techniques which are used for creation of arteriovenous fistula. Retrospectively we reviewed 164 patients who underwent creation of arteriovenous fistula. We retrieved the data concerning the age, sex, ASA class, and coexisting diseases. The patients were classified into three groups depending on the anesthetic technique received. Group A (n = 48) patients received general anesthesia; group B (n = 39), patients received brachial plexus block and group C (n = 77), patients received local infiltration anesthesia. Chi-square test was used to compare between the percentages among the different groups. The percentages of cardiac patients showed significant differences between groups A and B and also between groups A and C. There was a significant difference between the groups A and B also between the groups A and C but not between groups B and C concerning age. ASA classes were not significantly different among the groups. Among the total number of patients, 34 were diabetics and 75 patients were cardiac. Axillary brachial plexus block was complete in 70% of patients and incomplete in 27% and failed in 3% of patients. We conclude that chronic renal failure patients are at increased risk during anesthesia. We conclude that brachial plexus blockade or local anesthetic infiltration are good alternatives to general anesthesia in these patients undergoing creation of arteriovenous fistula. Age, ASA class and cardiac status were the three determining factors for the choice of the anesthetic technique. Further multivariate prospective study are needed to confirm these results.
Authors:
R A Alsalti; A A el-Dawlatly; M al-Salman; S Jommaa; K Amro; M A Dweiri; M T Jasser
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Middle East journal of anaesthesiology     Volume:  15     ISSN:  0544-0440     ISO Abbreviation:  Middle East J Anaesthesiol     Publication Date:  1999 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-08-29     Completed Date:  2000-08-29     Revised Date:  2014-10-10    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8604187     Medline TA:  Middle East J Anaesthesiol     Country:  LEBANON    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  305-14     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Anesthesia, General* / adverse effects
Anesthesia, Local* / adverse effects
Arteriovenous Shunt, Surgical / adverse effects,  methods*
Brachial Plexus
Diabetes Complications
Female
Heart Diseases / complications
Humans
Kidney Failure, Chronic / therapy*
Male
Middle Aged
Nerve Block* / adverse effects
Retrospective Studies

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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