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An Arteriovenous Fistula Model of Intimal Hyperplasia for Evaluation of a Nitinol U-Clip Anastomosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22104322     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to create an ovine arteriovenous fistula (AVF) model which would closely replicate a human forearm fistula and use this to quantify the degree of intimal hyperplasia in those created with the U-Clip compared to a conventional sutured anastomosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty AVFs were created in 10 Border Leicester-Merino sheep between the superficial femoral artery and vein of each hind limb. On one side the U-Clip and on the other a continuous polypropylene suture was used to perform the anastomosis. The animals were sacrificed at 2 (n = 3), 4 (n = 4), 6 (n = 3) weeks and histological slices were taken of each AVF in cross section to determine the intimal media area per unit length (IMA/L). RESULTS: Intimal hyperplasia (IH) was observed at all time points with one AVF found occluded with thrombus at the time of harvest. The IMA/L was significantly lower in the U-Clip groups by 24% at 2 weeks, 32% at 4 weeks and 23% at 6 weeks (Two-way ANOVA, p = 0.019, observed power = 0.825, time or side p ≥ 0.766, type p = 0.001; Paired t-test, p < 0.001 between matched anastomotic types). Time taken to perform the anastomosis was similar between the two anastomotic techniques (Polypropylene 14(8-18) vs. U-Clip 15.3(11-23) min; p = 0.47). CONCLUSION: This ovine AVF model results in IH similar to that seen in a human AVF. The IH that occurs with the U-Clip is less than that of continuous polypropylene suture.
R L Varcoe; A B P Teo; M H Pelletier; Y Yu; J-L Yang; P J Crowe; W R Walsh
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-11-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of vascular and endovascular surgery : the official journal of the European Society for Vascular Surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-2165     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9512728     Medline TA:  Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 European Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Department of Surgery, Prince of Wales Hospital, Sydney, Australia; Surgical and Orthopaedic Research Laboratories, Prince of Wales Clinical School, Faculty of Medicine, Australia; The University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.
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