Document Detail

Arterial stiffness identification of the human carotid artery using the stress-strain relationship in vivo.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22030473     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Arterial stiffness is well accepted as a reliable indicator of arterial disease. Increase in carotid arterial stiffness has been associated with carotid arterial disease, e.g., atherosclerotic plaque, thrombosis, stenosis, etc. Several methods for carotid arterial stiffness assessment have been proposed. In this study, in vivo noninvasive assessment using applanation tonometry and an ultrasound-based motion estimation technique was applied in seven healthy volunteers (age 28±3.6years old) to determine pressure and wall displacement in the left common carotid artery (CCA), respectively. The carotid pressure was obtained using a calibration method by assuming that the mean and diastolic blood pressures remained constant throughout the arterial tree. The regional carotid arterial wall displacement was estimated using a 1D cross-correlation technique on the ultrasound radio frequency (RF) signals acquired at a frame rate of 505-1010Hz. Young's moduli were estimated under two different assumptions: (i) a linear elastic two-parallel spring model and (ii) a two-dimensional, nonlinear, hyperelastic model. The circumferential stress (σ(θ)) and strain (ɛ(θ)) relationship was then established in humans in vivo. A slope change in the circumferential stress-strain curve was observed and defined as the transition point. The Young's moduli of the elastic lamellae (E(1)), elastin-collagen fibers (E(2)) and collagen fibers (E(3)) and the incremental Young's moduli before ( [Formula: see text] ) and after the transition point ( [Formula: see text] ) were determined from the first and second approach, respectively, to describe the contribution of the complex mechanical interaction of the different arterial wall constituents. The average moduli E(1), E(2) and E(3) from seven healthy volunteers were found to be equal to 0.15±0.04, 0.89±0.27 and 0.75±0.29MPa, respectively. The average moduli [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text] of the intact wall (both the tunica adventitia and tunica media layers) were found to be equal to 0.16±0.04MPa and 0.90±0.25MPa, respectively. The average moduli [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text] of the tunica adventitia were found to be equal to 0.18±0.05MPa and 0.84±0.22MPa, respectively. The average moduli [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text] of the tunica media were found to be equal to 0.19±0.05MPa and 0.90±0.25MPa, respectively. The stiffness of the carotid artery increased with strain during the systolic phase. In conclusion, the feasibility of measuring the regional stress-strain relationship and stiffness of the normal human carotid artery was demonstrated noninvasively in vivo.
T Khamdaeng; J Luo; J Vappou; P Terdtoon; E E Konofagou
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2011-09-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ultrasonics     Volume:  52     ISSN:  1874-9968     ISO Abbreviation:  Ultrasonics     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-01-09     Completed Date:  2012-02-24     Revised Date:  2014-05-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0050452     Medline TA:  Ultrasonics     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  402-11     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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MeSH Terms
Carotid Arteries / physiology,  ultrasonography*
Models, Theoretical
Radio Frequency Identification Device
Stress, Mechanical
Tunica Media / physiology
Vascular Stiffness*
Grant Support

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