Document Detail

Arterial hypertension and brain damage--evidence from animal models (review).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12940473     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Hypertension is an important risk factor for cerebrovascular disease including stroke and has also a role in the development of vascular cognitive impairment (VCI) and vascular dementia (VaD). Research on pathophysiology and treatment of hypertensive brain damage may benefit from the availability of animal models. This paper has reviewed the main animal models of hypertension in which brain damage is documented. Spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) represent the animal model more largely used. In these rats cerebrovascular changes, brain atrophy, loss of nerve cells in cerebrocortical areas, and glial reaction were documented. Several changes observed in SHR are similar to those found by in vivo imaging studies in essential hypertensives. It is documented that brain gets benefit from lowering abnormally elevated blood pressure and that reduction of hypertension protects brain from stroke and probably reduces the incidence of VaD. The influence of anti-hypertensive treatment on brain structure and function in animal models of hypertension is reviewed. Among classes of drugs investigated, dihydropyridine-type Ca2+ antagonists were those with a most documented protective effect on hypertensive brain damage. Limits and perspectives in the use of animal models for assessing brain damage caused by hypertension and protection from it are discussed.
Francesco Amenta; Maria Antonietta Di Tullio; Daniele Tomassoni
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical and experimental hypertension (New York, N.Y. : 1993)     Volume:  25     ISSN:  1064-1963     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Exp. Hypertens.     Publication Date:  2003 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-08-27     Completed Date:  2004-01-14     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9305929     Medline TA:  Clin Exp Hypertens     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  359-80     Citation Subset:  IM    
Sezione di Anatomia Umana, Dipartimento di Scienze Farmacologiche e Medicina Sperimentale, Università di Camerino, Camerino, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Antihypertensive Agents / therapeutic use
Brain Damage, Chronic / etiology*
Hypertension / chemically induced,  complications*,  drug therapy
Models, Animal
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antihypertensive Agents

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