Document Detail


Arterial stiffness and wave reflections in marathon runners.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20489686     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Regular aerobic exercise has beneficial effects on the cardiovascular system. Marathon running is an aerobic and extremely vigorous exercise. Arterial stiffness and wave reflections are independent predictors of cardiovascular risk. We investigated the acute effect of marathon race on aortic stiffness and wave reflections, as well as possible chronic alterations of these indexes in marathon runners.
METHODS: We studied 49 marathon runners (age 38 +/- 9 years) and 46 recreationally active control subjects (age 37 +/- 5 years). To investigate the acute effect of marathon race, a subgroup of 20 runners was evaluated after the race as well. Aortic stiffness was evaluated with carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV) and wave reflections with augmentation index (AIx).
RESULTS: Marathon runners had significantly higher systolic, diastolic, pulse (both aortic and brachial), and mean pressures compared to controls (P < 0.05 for all). Marathon runners had significantly higher PWV (6.89 m/s vs. 6.33 m/s, P < 0.01), whereas there was no difference in AIx and AIx corrected for heart rate (AIx@75) compared to controls (13.8% vs. 13.9%, P = 0.985 and 8.2% vs. 10.3%, P = 0.340, respectively). Marathon race caused a significant fall in both AIx (12.2% vs. -5.8%, P < 0.001) and AIx@75 (7.0% vs. 0.0%, P = 0.01), whereas PWV did not change significantly (6.66 m/s vs. 6.74 m/s, P = 0.690). Aortic and brachial systolic, diastolic, and mean pressures were also decreased (P < 0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: A significant fall in wave reflections was observed after marathon race, whereas aortic stiffness was not altered. Moreover, marathon runners have increased aortic stiffness and pressures, whereas wave reflections indexes do not differ compared to controls.
Authors:
Charalambos Vlachopoulos; Despina Kardara; Aris Anastasakis; Katerina Baou; Dimitrios Terentes-Printzios; Dimitris Tousoulis; Christodoulos Stefanadis
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-05-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of hypertension     Volume:  23     ISSN:  1941-7225     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Hypertens.     Publication Date:  2010 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-08-24     Completed Date:  2010-12-07     Revised Date:  2011-06-30    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8803676     Medline TA:  Am J Hypertens     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  974-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Peripheral Vessels Unit, Special Heart Centre for Young and Athletes and Unit of Inherited Cardiac Diseases, 1st Department of Cardiology, Athens Medical School, Athens, Greece. cvlachop@otenet.gr
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Ankle Brachial Index
Aorta / physiology
Arteries / physiology*
Athletes*
Blood Flow Velocity / physiology
Blood Pressure / physiology
Elasticity / physiology
Female
Heart Rate / physiology
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Pulsatile Flow / physiology*
Running / physiology*
Vascular Resistance / physiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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