Document Detail


Arsenic in the environment: effects on human health and possible prevention.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17929751     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Arsenic is a major environmental pollutant and exposure occurs through environmental, occupational and medicinal sources. The contaminated drinking water is the main source of exposure and affected countries are India (West Bengal), Bangladesh, China, Taiwan, Thailand, Chile, Argentina and Romania. Concentrations of arsenic in affected areas are several times higher than the maximum contamination level (MCL) (10 microg/l). Arsenic exposure to human results in degenerative, inflammatory and neoplastic changes of skin, respiratory system, blood, lymphatic system, nervous system and reproductive system. There is no particular remedial action for chronic arsenic poisoning. Low socioeconomic status and malnutrition may increase the risk of chronic toxicity. Early intervention and prevention can give the relief to the affected population.
Authors:
Nrashant Singh; Deepak Kumar; Anand P Sahu
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of environmental biology / Academy of Environmental Biology, India     Volume:  28     ISSN:  0254-8704     ISO Abbreviation:  J Environ Biol     Publication Date:  2007 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-10-12     Completed Date:  2008-02-26     Revised Date:  2009-03-09    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8300544     Medline TA:  J Environ Biol     Country:  India    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  359-65     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Preventive Toxicology Division, Industrial Toxicology Research Centre, Lucknow-226 001, India.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Arsenic / pharmacokinetics,  toxicity*
Arsenic Poisoning / drug therapy
Chelating Agents / therapeutic use
Chelation Therapy
Environmental Exposure / adverse effects,  prevention & control*
Environmental Pollutants / pharmacokinetics,  toxicity*
Humans
Lung Diseases / chemically induced
Peripheral Nervous System Diseases / chemically induced
Skin Diseases / chemically induced
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Chelating Agents; 0/Environmental Pollutants; 7440-38-2/Arsenic

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