Document Detail


Arsenic in drinking water and stroke hospitalizations in Michigan.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20947858     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Mechanistic and human studies suggest a role for arsenic in ischemic stroke; however, risks from chronic, low-level exposures are uncertain and US studies are lacking. The objective was to investigate the association between low-level arsenic exposure in drinking water and ischemic stroke hospital admissions in Michigan. METHODS: Ischemic stroke hospital admissions among those aged ≥ 45 years were identified (1994 to 2006). Population-weighted average arsenic concentrations were estimated for each Michigan county (n = 83) and for zip codes in Genesee County (n=27) where there is greater variation in arsenic concentrations. US Census data provided age- and sex-specific population counts and other county- and zip code-level variables (race, income), which were adjusted for in multilevel negative binomial regression models of arsenic and stroke admissions. Hospital admissions for duodenal ulcer and hernia, not hypothesized to be associated with arsenic, were also evaluated. RESULTS: Adjusted county-level analyses suggested a relationship between arsenic and ischemic stroke hospital admissions, although similar associations were observed for duodenal ulcer and hernia. In zip code-level analysis, arsenic was associated with an increased risk of stroke admission (relative risk, 1.03; 95% CI, 1.01 to 1.05 per μg/L increase in arsenic) after adjustment for confounders, and null or negative associations were found between arsenic and nonvascular outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: Findings from this study suggest that exposure to even low levels of arsenic in drinking water may be associated with a higher risk of incident stroke. Given the ecological nature of the analysis, further epidemiological study with individual-level data on arsenic exposure and incident stroke is warranted.
Authors:
Lynda D Lisabeth; Hyeong Jun Ahn; John J Chen; Shawnita Sealy-Jefferson; James F Burke; Jaymie R Meliker
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-10-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation     Volume:  41     ISSN:  1524-4628     ISO Abbreviation:  Stroke     Publication Date:  2010 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-10-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0235266     Medline TA:  Stroke     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2499-504     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA. llisabet@umich.edu
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Comment In:
Stroke. 2010 Nov;41(11):2451-2   [PMID:  20947839 ]

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