Document Detail

Arrestin-Dependent Activation of ERK and Src Family Kinases.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24292833     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
The four members of the mammalian arrestin family, two visual and two nonvisual, share the property of stimulus-dependent docking to G protein-coupled receptors. This conformational selectivity permits them to function in receptor desensitization, as arrestin binding sterically inhibits G protein coupling. The two nonvisual arrestins further act as adapter proteins, linking receptors to the clathrin-dependent endocytic machinery and regulating receptor sequestration, intracellular trafficking, recycling, and degradation. Arrestins also function as ligand-regulated scaffolds, recruiting catalytically active proteins into receptor-based multiprotein "signalsome" complexes. Arrestin binding thus marks the transition from a transient G protein-coupled state on the plasma membrane to a persistent arrestin-coupled state that continues to signal as the receptor internalizes. Two of the earliest discovered and most studied arrestin-dependent signaling pathways involve regulation of Src family nonreceptor tyrosine kinases and the ERK1/2 mitogen-activated kinase cascade. In each case, arrestin scaffolding imposes constraints on kinase activity that dictate signal duration and substrate specificity. Evidence suggests that arrestin-bound ERK1/2 and Src not only play regulatory roles in receptor desensitization and trafficking but also mediate longer term effects on cell growth, migration, proliferation, and survival.
Erik G Strungs; Louis M Luttrell
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Handbook of experimental pharmacology     Volume:  219     ISSN:  0171-2004     ISO Abbreviation:  Handb Exp Pharmacol     Publication Date:  2014  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-12-02     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7902231     Medline TA:  Handb Exp Pharmacol     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  225-57     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, 29425, USA.
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