Document Detail


Aromatherapy in the management of psychiatric disorders: clinical and neuropharmacological perspectives.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16599645     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Aromatherapy is currently used worldwide in the management of chronic pain, depression, anxiety, some cognitive disorders, insomnia and stress-related disorders. Although essential oils have been used, reputedly effectively, for centuries as a traditional medicine, there is very little verified science behind this use. The pharmacology of the essential oils and/or their single chemical constituents, therefore, remains largely undiscovered. However, accumulating evidence that inhaled or dermally applied essential oils enter the blood stream and, in relevant molecular, cellular or animal models, exert measurable psychological effects, indicates that the effects are primarily pharmacological.This review includes evidence from the limited number of clinical trials that have been published of 'psychoaromatherapy' in relation to psychiatric disorders, together with evidence from mechanistic, neuropharmacological studies of the effects of essential oils in relevant in vitro and in vivo models. It is concluded that aromatherapy provides a potentially effective treatment for a range of psychiatric disorders. In addition, taking into account the available information on safety, aromatherapy appears to be without the adverse effects of many conventional psychotropic drugs. Investment in further clinical and scientific research is clearly warranted.
Authors:
Nicolette Perry; Elaine Perry
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  CNS drugs     Volume:  20     ISSN:  1172-7047     ISO Abbreviation:  CNS Drugs     Publication Date:  2006  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-04-07     Completed Date:  2006-07-06     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9431220     Medline TA:  CNS Drugs     Country:  New Zealand    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  257-80     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Medicinal Plant Research Centre, Universities of Newcastle and Northumbria, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK. n@perry.net
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Aromatherapy / methods*
Clinical Trials as Topic
Humans
Mental Disorders / therapy*
Oils, Volatile / chemistry,  contraindications,  pharmacology,  therapeutic use*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Oils, Volatile

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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