Document Detail

Arnold Heller and the lymph pump.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16218922     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This article reviews studies on lymph propulsion in the lymph vessels by active contraction of the vessels, first described by Arnold Heller in 1869 in German language, and here translated into English. His observations were first confirmed by Beatrice Carrier (1926) and Howard Flory et al. (1927), and several groups were active up to World war II. Few publications appeared in the period 1940--1960, followed by increasing activity and development of new experimental techniques for use both in various experimental animals and in humans. Recently it has been shown that passive lymph flow may add to active propulsion. Both mechanisms depend on lymph formation, i.e. the uptake of interstitial fluid by the initial lymph vessels which is still not well understood.
K Aukland
Publication Detail:
Type:  Biography; Historical Article; Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta physiologica Scandinavica     Volume:  185     ISSN:  0001-6772     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Physiol. Scand.     Publication Date:  2005 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-10-12     Completed Date:  2006-04-03     Revised Date:  2006-11-09    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370362     Medline TA:  Acta Physiol Scand     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  171-80     Citation Subset:  IM    
Institute for Biomedicin, Physiology Section, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.
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MeSH Terms
History, 19th Century
History, 20th Century
Lymphatic System / physiology*
Physiology / history*
Pulsatile Flow
Personal Name Subject
Personal Name Subject:
Arnold Heller
Comment In:
Acta Physiol (Oxf). 2006 Apr;186(4):319; author reply 319   [PMID:  16634788 ]

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