Document Detail


Are syllabification and resyllabification strategies phonotactically-directed in French dyslexic children? A preliminary report.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22199201     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: This study queried whether French-speaking children with dyslexia were sensitive to consonant sonority and position within syllable boundaries to influence a phonological syllable-based segmentation in silent reading. METHOD: Fifteen French-speaking children with dyslexia compared to thirty chronological age-matched and reading level-matched controls participated. Children were tested with an audiovisual recognition task. A target-pseudoword ('TOLPUDE') was simultaneously presented visually and auditory and then compared to a printed test-pseudoword that was either identical or differed after the coda deletion ('TOPUDE') or the onset deletion ('TOLUDE'). The intervocalic consonant sequences had either a 'sonorant coda-sonorant onset' ('TOR.LADE'), 'sonorant coda-obstruent onset' ('TOL.PUDE'), 'obstruent coda-sonorant onset' ('DOT.LIRE') or 'obstruent coda-obstruent onset' ('BIC.TADE') sonority profile. RESULTS: All children processed identity better than deletion, especially with the optimal 'sonorant coda-obstruent onset' sonority profile. However, children preserved syllabification (coda deletion; 'TO.PUDE') rather than resyllabification (onset deletion; 'TO.LUDE') with intervocalic consonant sequence reductions, especially when sonorant codas were deleted but the optimal inter-syllable contact was respected. CONCLUSIONS: Surprisingly, although children with dyslexia generally exhibit phonological and acoustic-phonetic impairments (voicing), they showed sensitivity to the optimal sonority profile and a preference for preserved syllabification. We proposed a sonority-modulated explanation to account for phonological syllable-based processing. Educational implications are discussed.
Authors:
Norbert Maïonchi-Pino; Bruno de Cara; Jean Ecalle; Annie Magnan
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-12-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1558-9102     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9705610     Medline TA:  J Speech Lang Hear Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Laboratoire d'Étude des Mécanismes Cognitifs, EA 3082 / Université Lyon 2, France.
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