Document Detail


Are rates of school suspension higher in socially disadvantaged neighbourhoods? An Australian study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20406147     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
ISSUE ADDRESSED: Health promotion with adolescents spans many contexts including schools. Income and its distribution, education and social exclusion are key social determinants of health. Exclusionary school policies such as school suspension contribute to exclusion, increase the likelihood of school dropout (reducing educational and subsequent employment opportunities), and negatively impact on student wellbeing. Often excluded students are from socio-economically disadvantaged areas. This paper examines associations between area level socio-economic status (SES) and school suspension in Australian students. METHODS: Students (8,028) in years 6 (n = 4393) and 8 (n = 3635) completed a comprehensive social development survey administered in schools in 30 socio-economically stratified communities in 2006. RESULTS: Associations between area level SES and school suspension were found. Relative to students in the lowest SES quartile communities, students in mid level and high SES had lower suspension rates. These effects remained after controlling for antisocial behaviour, gender, age and the established risk factors of poor family management, interaction with antisocial peers and academic failure. CONCLUSIONS: Students living in low SES areas are exposed to higher rates of school suspension, at similar levels of adjustment problems. Assisting schools, particularly those with disadvantaged students, to foster school engagement is essential for schools committed to health promotion.
Authors:
Sheryl A Hemphill; John W Toumbourou; Rachel Smith; Garth E Kendall; Bosco Rowland; Kate Freiberg; Joanne W Williams
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Health promotion journal of Australia : official journal of Australian Association of Health Promotion Professionals     Volume:  21     ISSN:  1036-1073     ISO Abbreviation:  Health Promot J Austr     Publication Date:  2010 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-04-21     Completed Date:  2010-06-22     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9710936     Medline TA:  Health Promot J Austr     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  12-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Centre for Adolescent Health, Royal Children's Hospital, Department of Paediatrics at The University of Melbourne, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, & School of Psychology, Deakin University, Victoria. sheryl.hemphill@mcri.edu.au
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Australia
Child
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Humans
Male
Odds Ratio
Schools / statistics & numerical data*
Social Class*
Social Environment*
Student Dropouts
Students*
Vulnerable Populations*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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