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Are peritoneal calcifications in long-term peritoneal dialysis related to aortic calcifications and disturbances in mineral metabolism?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20591814     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
BACKGROUND: Peritoneal calcifications are associated with long-term peritoneal dialysis (PD). Case reports have suggested a relation with disturbances in mineral metabolism such as the presence of severe hyperparathyroidism. Our aim was to investigate whether relationships are present between peritoneal calcifications and aortic calcifications or disturbances in mineral metabolism in long-term PD patients.
METHODS: We included all long-term PD patients (PD ≥ 4 years) in our centre from 1996 to 2008 who had undergone an abdominal computed tomographic (CT) scan. The scans were reviewed by two experienced radiologists in consensus. The presence or absence of peritoneal calcifications was scored, and a severity scoring system for abdominal aortic calcifications was used: 1 = none, 2 = mild, 3 = moderate, 4 = severe and 5 = very severe. For each patient, laboratory data on plasma calcium corrected for albumin, phosphorus and parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels were retrieved every 6 months up to 5 years prior to the CT scan. Individual mean values over 5 years were calculated.
RESULTS: We included 31 patients: 12 patients with peritoneal calcifications and 19 patients without. No difference was found in aortic calcification scores (median scores: 3 versus 3). Also, median (range) calcium, 10.7 (9.6-11.5) versus 10.3 (9.4-11.3) mg/dL; phosphorus, 5.2 (3.4-7.0) versus 4.9 (2.9-6.5) mg/dL; and PTH levels, 271 (101-910) versus 263 (40-1197) pg/mL were not different between patients with and without peritoneal calcifications.
CONCLUSIONS: The presence of peritoneal calcifications in long-term PD patients could not be related to the presence of aortic calcifications or disturbances in mineral metabolism. Perhaps, local peritoneal factors play a role in the formation of peritoneal calcifications.
Anniek Vlijm; Saffire S K S Phoa; Marlies Noordzij; Anje M Spijkerboer; Joost van Schuppen; Jaap Stoker; Dirk G Struijk; Raymond T Krediet
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-06-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nephrology, dialysis, transplantation : official publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association     Volume:  26     ISSN:  1460-2385     ISO Abbreviation:  Nephrol. Dial. Transplant.     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8706402     Medline TA:  Nephrol Dial Transplant     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  304-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
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