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Are intraventricular gradients a cause of false positive treadmill exercise tests?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22682689     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Treadmill exercise testing has low specificity for the detection of significant epicardial coronary artery disease (CAD). A possible mechanism to explain some of the false positives is transient subendocardial ischemia induced by intraventricular gradients (IVG) during stress. The development of IVG during dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) occurs in 8-38% of non-selected populations. OBJECTIVES: To determine: METHODS AND RESULTS: We evaluated 50 consecutive patients with false positive treadmill stress tests (normal CT coronary angiography, nuclear perfusion tests or angiography) with DSE (2D and Doppler evaluation). All DSE exams were negative for ischemia. Stress-induced IVG was seen in 34 of the 50 patients (68%) and 16 patients (32%) did not develop IVG (p<0.05). The prevalence of IVG in our selected population (68%) was significantly higher than that described for non-selected populations (8-38%) (p<0.001). Most patient characteristics (gender, age, risk factors for CAD, treatment with beta-blockers/calcium antagonists, significant valvular disease/left ventricular hypertrophy [LVH], symptoms, and blood pressure during stress) were not statistically associated with the prevalence of IVG (p>0.05). However, the presence of IVG was associated with the occurrence of ischemic ST depression during dobutamine stress echo (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS:
Authors:
Nuno Cardim; Pedro Campos; Daniel Ferreira; Vanda Carmelo; Júlia Toste; Marisa Trabulo; Teresa Santos; Sylvie da Mariana; Francisco Pereira Machado; José Roquette
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-6-8
Journal Detail:
Title:  Revista portuguesa de cardiologia : orgao oficial da Sociedade Portuguesa de Cardiologia = Portuguese journal of cardiology : an official journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  0870-2551     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-6-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8710716     Medline TA:  Rev Port Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG; POR     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Sociedade Portuguesa de Cardiologia. Published by Elsevier España. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Cardiology Department, Hospital da Luz, Lisbon, Portugal.
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