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Are endoscopic or percutaneous biliary drainage effective forobstructive jaundice caused by hepatocellular carcinoma?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21228705     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVES: The prognosis of patients with obstructive jaundice caused by hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has been reported to be poor. The aims of this study were to determine whether effective biliary drainage in patients with obstructive jaundice caused by HCC can affect clinical outcome and to identify those factors that affect effective biliary drainage and clinical outcome. METHODS: The clinical records of 68 patients with obstructive jaundice caused by HCC who underwent endoscopic or percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage from 1 January 2004 to 31 December 2008 were analyzed. Effective biliary drainage was defined as a decrease in total bilirubin level of more than 30% of the preprocedural value within 4 weeks. RESULTS: (i) Effective biliary drainage was achieved in 51.5% of the patients who underwent a biliary drainage procedure. The independent risk factors for ineffective biliary drainage were total bilirubin more than 13 mg/dl and Child-Turcotte-Pugh class C. (ii) Patients with effective biliary drainage showed a significant improvement of Child-Turcotte-Pugh class and received additional treatment for HCC. (iii) The mean survival times of patientswho received effective or ineffective biliary drainage were 247 and 44 days, respectively. (iv) The independent risk factors of mortality were an age of morethan 63 years, ineffective biliary drainage, and nofollowing treatment for HCC. CONCLUSION: When effective biliary drainage was achieved after an appropriate biliary drainage procedure in patients with obstructive jaundice caused by HCC, survival improved.
Hyun Chin Cho; Jong Kyun Lee; Kwang Hyuck Lee; Kyu Taek Lee; Seungwoon Paik; Sung Wook Choo; Young Soo Do; In-Wook Choo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-1-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of gastroenterology & hepatology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1473-5687     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-1-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9000874     Medline TA:  Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
aDivision of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine bDepartment of Radiology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
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