Document Detail

Are eating occasions and their energy content related to child overweight and socioeconomic status?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18772863     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The objectives of this study were: (i) to assess the relationships between childhood overweight (OW) and four eating behaviors: daily eating frequency, and the relative contribution of breakfast, main meals (lunch and dinner), and snacks to total daily energy intake (EI); (ii) to explore whether these eating behaviors are involved in the negative association between socioeconomic status (SES) and OW. A representative sample of French children aged 3-11 years (n = 748) was taken from the 1998-1999 cross-sectional French INCA1 (Enquête Individuelle et Nationale sur les Consommations Alimentaires) food consumption survey. Food intake was reported in a 7-day food record, and SES, physical activity, sedentary behavior (SED), weight, and height were reported by answering face-to-face questionnaires. After adjusting for EI, physical activity, and SED, OW was positively associated with the contribution of the main meals to EI (P = 0.03), not significantly associated with the contribution of breakfast to EI, and inversely correlated to the number of eating episodes (P = 0.009) and to the contribution of snacking episodes to EI (P = 0.007). Our data suggest that a combination of more frequent intake occasions and lower contribution of the main meals to total daily EI is associated with a smaller risk of OW in children. However, eating frequency was the only eating behavior that played a slight mediation role (contributing approximately 8%) in the inverse relationship between SES and OW.
Sandrine Lioret; Mathilde Touvier; Lionel Lafay; Jean-Luc Volatier; Bernard Maire
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2008-09-04
Journal Detail:
Title:  Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.)     Volume:  16     ISSN:  1930-7381     ISO Abbreviation:  Obesity (Silver Spring)     Publication Date:  2008 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-11-03     Completed Date:  2009-02-12     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101264860     Medline TA:  Obesity (Silver Spring)     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2518-23     Citation Subset:  IM    
French Food Safety Agency (AFSSA), Dietary Survey Unit-Nutritional Epidemiology, Maisons-Alfort, France.
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MeSH Terms
Body Weight / physiology
Child, Preschool
Cross-Sectional Studies
Eating / physiology
Energy Intake / physiology*
Feeding Behavior / physiology*
Motor Activity / physiology
Overweight / physiopathology*
Social Class*

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