Document Detail

Are school vending machines loaded with calories and fat: an assessment of 106 middle and high schools.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21392013     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to describe the extent to which vending offerings in 106 schools in the St. Paul-Minneapolis, Minnesota metropolitan area, met criteria for types of beverages, fat, and calories based on selected criteria offered by the Institute of Medicine.
METHODS: Schools where youth participants were attending for the 2006-2007 school year were identified and invited to participate in the study (n = 143); 81% of schools (n = 116) agreed to participate.
RESULTS: Of the 116 schools, 106 had vending machines. Across schools with vending machines (n = 106), 5085 food and 8442 beverage items were offered. Overall, only 18% of beverage items met criteria for calories and type of beverage; significantly more items in public schools met the criteria as compared to private schools (19% vs 12%; p < .01). This difference was also significant for high schools as compared to middle schools (18% vs 22%; p < .01). For food items, 41% met calorie criteria, 45% met fat criteria, and 22% met both fat and calorie criteria. Significantly more food items met both criteria in public than private schools (22% vs 18%; p = .01), while high schools (22%) and middle schools (21%) were similar. A very small proportion of foods (< 5%) would have met the full criteria suggested by the Institute of Medicine for competitive foods.
CONCLUSION: Overall, foods and beverages offered in vending machines continue to be high in fat and calories. Public schools are doing a slightly better job of providing healthy foods as compared to private schools.
Keryn E Pasch; Leslie A Lytle; Anne C Samuelson; Kian Farbakhsh; Martha Y Kubik; Carrie D Patnode
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of school health     Volume:  81     ISSN:  1746-1561     ISO Abbreviation:  J Sch Health     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-03-11     Completed Date:  2011-07-12     Revised Date:  2013-06-30    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376370     Medline TA:  J Sch Health     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  212-8     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
Copyright Information:
© 2011, American School Health Association.
Department of Kinesiology and Health Education, University of Texas, 1 University Station, D3700, Austin, TX 78712-0360, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Beverages / statistics & numerical data
Energy Intake*
Food Dispensers, Automatic / statistics & numerical data*
Institute of Medicine (U.S.)
Nutrition Policy
Nutritional Sciences / statistics & numerical data
Nutritive Value
Private Sector / statistics & numerical data*
Public Sector / statistics & numerical data*
United States
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:

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