Document Detail


Are race, ethnicity, and medical school affiliation associated with NIH R01 type 1 award probability for physician investigators?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23018334     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: To analyze the relationship among National Institutes of Health (NIH) R01 Type 1 applicant degree, institution type, and race/ethnicity, and application award probability.
METHOD: The authors used 2000-2006 data from the NIH IMPAC II grants database and other sources to determine which individual and institutional characteristics of applicants may affect the probability of applications being awarded funding. They used descriptive statistics and probit models to estimate correlations between race/ethnicity, degree (MD or PhD), and institution type (medical school or other institution), and application award probability, controlling for a large set of observable characteristics.
RESULTS: Applications from medical schools were significantly more likely than those from other institutions to receive funding, as were applications from MDs versus PhDs. Overall, applications from blacks and Asians were less likely than those from whites to be awarded funding; however, among applications from MDs at medical schools, there was no difference in funding probability between whites and Asians, and the difference between blacks and whites decreased to 7.8%. The inclusion of human subjects significantly decreased the likelihood of receiving funding.
CONCLUSIONS: Compared with applications from whites, applications from blacks have a lower probability of being awarded R01 Type 1 funding, regardless of the investigator's degree. However, funding probability is increased for applications with MD investigators and for those from medical schools. To some degree, these advantages combine so that applications from black MDs at medical schools have the smallest difference in funding probability compared with those from whites.
Authors:
Donna K Ginther; Laurel L Haak; Walter T Schaffer; Raynard Kington
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges     Volume:  87     ISSN:  1938-808X     ISO Abbreviation:  Acad Med     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-31     Completed Date:  2013-01-02     Revised Date:  2013-11-06    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8904605     Medline TA:  Acad Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1516-24     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Economics, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas 66045, USA. dginther@ku.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
African Continental Ancestry Group
Awards and Prizes*
Continental Population Groups*
Cultural Diversity*
Ethnic Groups*
European Continental Ancestry Group
Faculty, Medical*
Fellowships and Scholarships*
Humans
National Institutes of Health (U.S.)*
Organizational Affiliation*
Probability
Research Support as Topic*
Schools, Medical*
United States
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
1R01AG36820-01/AG/NIA NIH HHS; HHSN276200800458U//PHS HHS; HHSN276200900100U//PHS HHS; R01 AG036820/AG/NIA NIH HHS
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