Document Detail


Arctic indigenous peoples experience the nutrition transition with changing dietary patterns and obesity.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15173410     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Indigenous Peoples globally are part of the nutrition transition. They may be among the most extreme for the extent of dietary change experienced in the last few decades. In this paper, we report survey data from 44 representative communities from 3 large cultural areas of the Canadian Arctic: the Yukon First Nations, Dene/Métis, and Inuit communities. Dietary change was represented in 2 ways: 1) considering the current proportion of traditional food (TF) in contrast to the precontact period (100% TF); and 2) the amount of TF consumed by older vs. younger generations. Total diet, TF, and BMI data from adults were investigated. On days when TF was consumed, there was significantly less (P < 0.01) fat, carbohydrate, and sugar in the diet, and more protein, vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin E, riboflavin, vitamin B-6, iron, zinc, copper, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, potassium, and selenium. Vitamin C and folate, provided mainly by fortified food, and fiber were higher (P < 0.01) on days without TF for Inuit. Only 10-36% of energy was derived from TF; adults > 40 y old consistently consumed more (P < 0.05) TF than those younger. Overall obesity (BMI > or = 30 kg/m(2)) of Arctic adults exceeded all-Canadian rates. Measures to improve nutrient-dense market food (MF) availability and use are called for, as are ways to maintain or increase TF use.
Authors:
H V Kuhnlein; O Receveur; R Soueida; G M Egeland
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of nutrition     Volume:  134     ISSN:  0022-3166     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Nutr.     Publication Date:  2004 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-06-02     Completed Date:  2004-07-15     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0404243     Medline TA:  J Nutr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1447-53     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Centre for Indigenous Peoples' Nutrition and Environment and School of Dietetics and Human Nutrition, McGill University, Ste. Anne de Bellevue, Canada. harriet.kuhnlein@mcgill.ca
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aging
Arctic Regions / epidemiology
Canada / epidemiology
Diet*
Female
Food Habits
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Nutrition Surveys
Nutritional Status*
Obesity / epidemiology,  metabolism*
Population Groups*
Prevalence

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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