Document Detail

Archaeology meets marine ecology: the antiquity of maritime cultures and human impacts on marine fisheries and ecosystems.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21141664     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Interdisciplinary study of coastal archaeological sites provides a wealth of information on the ecology and evolution of ancient marine animal populations, the structure of past marine ecosystems, and the history of human impacts on coastal fisheries. In this paper, we review recent methodological developments in the archaeology and historical ecology of coastal regions around the world. Using two case studies, we examine (a) a deep history of anthropogenic effects on the marine ecosystems of California's Channel Islands through the past 12,000 years and (b) geographic variation in the effects of human fishing on Pacific Island peoples who spread through Oceania during the late Holocene. These case studies--the first focused on hunter-gatherers, the second on maritime horticulturalists-provide evidence for shifting baselines and timelines, documenting a much deeper anthropogenic influence on many coastal ecosystems and fisheries than considered by most ecologists, conservation biologists, and fisheries managers.
Jon M Erlandson; Torben C Rick
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annual review of marine science     Volume:  2     ISSN:  1941-1405     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann Rev Mar Sci     Publication Date:  2010  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-14     Completed Date:  2011-01-11     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101536246     Medline TA:  Ann Rev Mar Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  231-51     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Anthropology and Museum of Natural and Cultural History, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon 97403-1224, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Human Activities*
Marine Biology*

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