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Archaeology of RNA polymerase: factor swapping during the transcription cycle.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23356312     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
All RNAPs (RNA polymerases) repeatedly make use of their DNA template by progressing through the transcription cycle multiple times. During transcription initiation and elongation, distinct sets of transcription factors associate with multisubunit RNAPs and modulate their nucleic-acid-binding and catalytic properties. Between the initiation and elongation phases of the cycle, the factors have to be exchanged by a largely unknown mechanism. We have shown that the binding sites for initiation and elongation factors are overlapping and that the binding of the factors to RNAP is mutually exclusive. This ensures an efficient exchange or 'swapping' of factors and could furthermore assist RNAP during promoter escape, enabling robust transcription. A similar mechanism applies to the bacterial RNAP system. The elongation factors are evolutionarily conserved between the bacterial (NusG) and archaeo-eukaryotic (Spt5) systems; however, the initiation factors [σ and TBP (TATA-box-binding protein)/TF (transcription factor) B respectively] are not. Therefore we propose that this factor-swapping mechanism, operating in all three domains of life, is the outcome of convergent evolution.
Authors:
Fabian Blombach; Tina Daviter; Daniel Fielden; Dina Grohmann; Katherine Smollett; Finn Werner
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biochemical Society transactions     Volume:  41     ISSN:  1470-8752     ISO Abbreviation:  Biochem. Soc. Trans.     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7506897     Medline TA:  Biochem Soc Trans     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  362-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
RNAP laboratory, University College London, Institute of Structural and Molecular Biology, Division of Biosciences, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, U.K.
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