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Archaeological and chemical evidence for early salt production in China.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16116100     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Salt production and trade is thought to be critical to the development of all states and emergent empires. Until now, however, scientific evidence of early salt production has rarely been presented, and no studies of early Chinese salt production have provided unequivocal proof. Here, we report x-ray fluorescence, x-ray diffraction, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analyses that demonstrate that salt was the primary product during the first millennium before Christ (B.C.) at Zhongba in Central China. This work provides an early example of salt production discovered in China and presents a methodology for evaluating salt production sites in other regions.
Authors:
Rowan Flad; Jiping Zhu; Changsui Wang; Pochan Chen; Lothar von Falkenhausen; Zhibin Sun; Shuicheng Li
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2005-08-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America     Volume:  102     ISSN:  0027-8424     ISO Abbreviation:  Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.     Publication Date:  2005 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-08-31     Completed Date:  2005-10-13     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7505876     Medline TA:  Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  12618-22     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Anthropology, Peabody Museum, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA. rflad@fas.harvard.edu
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