Document Detail

Arachidonate metabolites and the control of glomerular function.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6414846     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The glomerulus is a dynamic structure capable of regulating the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) by mesangial contraction, thereby decreasing Kf. The mesangium contracts in response to angiotensin II (AII) and arginine vasopressin (AVP), both of which are potent stimuli of vasodilatory prostaglandin (PG) production. We studied interactions among these opposing factors in glomeruli. Normal rat glomeruli synthesized PGF2 alpha greater than PGE2 greater than 6-keto-PGF1 alpha = thromboxane (Tx) B2. Rat glomerular epithelial and mesangial cells, although capable of producing these four cyclooxy-genase end products, responded to AVP and AII stimulation with a preferential increase of PGE2, which suggests an intraglomerular feedback system between constrictor and dilator factors. Whole glomeruli, when incubated in AII, decreased in size, with a maximum decrement of surface area at 10(-10) M AII. In these glomerular contraction studies, preincubation with either arachidonate or PGE2 decreased the contractile response to AII, whereas PG inhibition enhanced the glomerular contractile response. Stable endoperoxide analogs also contracted glomeruli. In the acute phase of nephrotoxic serum nephritis (NSN) there were marked increments in glomerular production of TxA2, which correlated temporally with decrements of GFR and filtration fraction. Inhibition of TxA2 synthesis normalized GFR and filtration fraction 1-3 h after induction of NSN. These studies suggest not only an important physiological feedback role of vasodilatory PGs, as modulators of AII-induced glomerular contraction, but also a direct mesangial contractile effect of the arachidonate metabolite TxA2.
L A Scharschmidt; E Lianos; M J Dunn
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Federation proceedings     Volume:  42     ISSN:  0014-9446     ISO Abbreviation:  Fed. Proc.     Publication Date:  1983 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1983-12-17     Completed Date:  1983-12-17     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372771     Medline TA:  Fed Proc     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3058-63     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Angiotensin II / pharmacology
Arachidonic Acid
Arachidonic Acids / physiology*
Cells, Cultured
Kidney Glomerulus / physiology*
Nephritis / physiopathology
Prostaglandins / biosynthesis*
Thromboxanes / biosynthesis*
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Arachidonic Acids; 0/Prostaglandins; 0/Thromboxanes; 11128-99-7/Angiotensin II; 506-32-1/Arachidonic Acid

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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