Document Detail


Arabinoxylooligosaccharides from wheat bran inhibit Salmonella colonization in broiler chickens.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18931184     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The objective of this in vivo experiment was to evaluate the influence of arabinoxylooligosaccharides (AXOS) on shedding and colonization of Salmonella Enteritidis in broilers. Arabinoxylooligosaccharides, which are oligosaccharides derived from arabinoxylans by partial hydrolysis, have a beneficial effect on feed conversion ratios when added to broiler diets. Additionally, AXOS have been shown to promote the growth of bifidobacteria in the cecocolonic compartment of the gastrointestinal tract. To investigate the impact of AXOS on colonization of broilers with Salmonella, 224 one-day-old chicks were divided into 4 groups and given either unsupplemented feed or feed supplemented with 0.2% AXOS-3-0.25, 0.2% AXOS-9-0.25, or 0.4% AXOS-9-0.25 throughout the experiment. The AXOS-3-0.25 and AXOS-9-0.25 both have an ara-binose-to-xylose ratio of 0.25 and have an average degree of polymerization of 3 and 9, respectively. At 14 d posthatch, each animal was orally inoculated with 2.5 x 10(9) cfu of Salmonella Enteritidis. Cloacal swabs, taken at regular times, showed a significant reduction of Salmonella presence in the group given 0.4% AXOS-9-0.25 compared with the control group. This reduction was observed in the 1- to 11-d postinfection period. Colonization of the ceca as well as the translocation of Salmonella to the spleen was significantly reduced at 3 and 7 d postinfection in the 0.4% AXOS-9-0.25 group. A similar, although more moderate, decrease in colonization was observed in the group given 0.2% AXOS-9-0.25. It was concluded that dietary addition of AXOS provides dose-dependent protection against oral infections with Salmonella Enteritidis in poultry.
Authors:
V Eeckhaut; F Van Immerseel; J Dewulf; F Pasmans; F Haesebrouck; R Ducatelle; C M Courtin; J A Delcour; W F Broekaert
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Poultry science     Volume:  87     ISSN:  0032-5791     ISO Abbreviation:  Poult. Sci.     Publication Date:  2008 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-10-20     Completed Date:  2008-12-31     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401150     Medline TA:  Poult Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2329-34     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Pathology, Research Group Veterinary Public Health and Zoonoses, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Salisburylaan 133, B-9820 Merelbeke, Belgium. venessa.eeckhaut@ugent.be
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animal Feed
Animals
Brain
Chickens / microbiology*
Cloaca / drug effects,  microbiology
Digestion / drug effects,  physiology
Oligosaccharides / isolation & purification,  therapeutic use*
Poultry Diseases / microbiology*,  prevention & control
Salmonella Infections, Animal / prevention & control*
Salmonella enteritidis / drug effects*,  growth & development*
Triticum
Xylans / isolation & purification,  therapeutic use*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Oligosaccharides; 0/Xylans; 9040-27-1/arabinoxylan

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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