Document Detail


Arabidopsis Deficient in Cutin Ferulate encodes a transferase required for feruloylation of ω-hydroxy fatty acids in cutin polyester.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22158675     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The cuticle is a complex aliphatic polymeric layer connected to the cell wall and covers surfaces of all aerial plant organs. The cuticle prevents nonstomatal water loss, regulates gas exchange, and acts as a barrier against pathogen infection. The cuticle is synthesized by epidermal cells and predominantly consists of an aliphatic polymer matrix (cutin) and intracuticular and epicuticular waxes. Cutin monomers are primarily C(16) and C(18) unsubstituted, ω-hydroxy, and α,ω-dicarboxylic fatty acids. Phenolics such as ferulate and p-coumarate esters also contribute to a minor extent to the cutin polymer. Here, we present the characterization of a novel acyl-coenzyme A (CoA)-dependent acyl-transferase that is encoded by a gene designated Deficient in Cutin Ferulate (DCF). The DCF protein is responsible for the feruloylation of ω-hydroxy fatty acids incorporated into the cutin polymer of aerial Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) organs. The enzyme specifically transfers hydroxycinnamic acids using ω-hydroxy fatty acids as acyl acceptors and hydroxycinnamoyl-CoAs, preferentially feruloyl-CoA and sinapoyl-CoA, as acyl donors in vitro. Arabidopsis mutant lines carrying DCF loss-of-function alleles are devoid of rosette leaf cutin ferulate and exhibit a 50% reduction in ferulic acid content in stem insoluble residues. DCF is specifically expressed in the epidermis throughout all green Arabidopsis organs. The DCF protein localizes to the cytosol, suggesting that the feruloylation of cutin monomers takes place in the cytoplasm.
Authors:
Carsten Rautengarten; Berit Ebert; Mario Ouellet; Majse Nafisi; Edward E K Baidoo; Peter Benke; Maria Stranne; Aindrila Mukhopadhyay; Jay D Keasling; Yumiko Sakuragi; Henrik Vibe Scheller
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.     Date:  2011-12-08
Journal Detail:
Title:  Plant physiology     Volume:  158     ISSN:  1532-2548     ISO Abbreviation:  Plant Physiol.     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-02-06     Completed Date:  2012-06-20     Revised Date:  2013-06-27    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401224     Medline TA:  Plant Physiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  654-65     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Feedstocks Division, Joint BioEnergy Institute, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Emeryville, California 94608, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Arabidopsis / enzymology,  metabolism*
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
Coumaric Acids / metabolism*
Fatty Acids / metabolism*
Mass Spectrometry
Membrane Lipids / metabolism*
Polyesters / metabolism*
Transferases / genetics*,  metabolism
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Coumaric Acids; 0/Fatty Acids; 0/Membrane Lipids; 0/Polyesters; 54990-88-4/cutin; AVM951ZWST/ferulic acid; EC 2.-/Transferases
Comments/Corrections

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