Document Detail

The Arabic Scale of Death Anxiety (ASDA): its development, validation, and results in three Arab countries.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15152649     Owner:  HSR     Status:  MEDLINE    
The Arabic Scale of Death Anxiety (ASDA) was constructed and validated in a sample of undergraduates (17-33 yrs) in 3 Arab countries, Egypt (n = 418), Kuwait (n = 509), and Syria (n = 709). In its final form, the ASDA consists of 20 statements. Each item is answered on a 5-point intensity scale anchored by 1: No, and 5: Very much. Alpha reliabilities ranged from .88 to .93, and item-remainder correlations ranged between .27 and .74; the 1-week test-retest reliability was .90 (Egyptians only), denoting high internal consistency and stability. The correlations between the ASDA and Templer's DAS ranged from .60 to .74 denoting high convergent validity of the ASDA against the DAS in the 3 Arab countries. Four factors were extracted in the Egyptian sample and labeled "Fear of dead people and tombs", "Fear of postmortem events", "Fear of lethal disease", and "death preoccupation". The first two factors were almost completely identical in the three countries. The item, "I fear the torture of the grave", had a very high mean score. There were significant correlations between the ASDA and death depression, death obsession, reasons for death fear, and general anxiety, depression, obsession-compulsion, neuroticism, and being a female. All female groups attained significantly higher mean ASDA scores than their male counterparts. Kuwaitis had higher mean ASDA total scores, in comparison with their Egyptian and Syrian counterparts, whereas female Syrians attained the lowest mean ASDA total score in proportion to their female peers.
Ahmed M Abdel-Khalek
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Death studies     Volume:  28     ISSN:  0748-1187     ISO Abbreviation:  Death Stud     Publication Date:  2004 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-05-20     Completed Date:  2004-06-09     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8506890     Medline TA:  Death Stud     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  435-57     Citation Subset:  T    
Department of Psychology, College of Social Sciences, University of Kuwait, Kuwait.
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MeSH Terms
Anxiety / psychology*
Arab World*
Attitude to Death / ethnology
Reproducibility of Results*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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