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Aquaporin-4 in the heart: expression, regulation and functional role in ischemia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22777185     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Aquaporins (AQPs) are channel-forming membrane proteins highly permeable to water. AQP4 is found in mammalian hearts; however, its expression sites, regulation and function are largely unknown. The aim was to investigate cardiac AQP4 expression in humans and mice, its regulation by ischemia and hypoxia, and in particular its role in cardiac ischemic injury using AQP4 knockout (KO) mice. Comparable levels of AQP4 were detected by Western blot and qPCR in biopsies from human donor hearts and wild type C57Bl6 mouse hearts. In mice, AQP4 was expressed on cardiomyocyte plasmalemma (qPCR, Western blot, immunogold), and its mRNA decreased following ischemia/reperfusion (isolated hearts, p = 0.02) and after normobaric hypoxia in vivo (oxygen fraction 10 % for 1 week, p < 0.001). Isolated hearts from AQP4 KO mice undergoing global ischemia and reperfusion had reduced infarct size (p = 0.05) and attenuated left ventricular end-diastolic pressure during reperfusion (p = 0.04). Infarct size was also reduced in AQP4 KO mice 24 h after left coronary artery ligation in vivo (p = 0.036). AQP4 KO hearts had no compensatory change in AQP1 protein expression. AQP4 KO cardiomyocytes were partially resisted to hypoosmotic stress in the presence of hypercontracture. AQP4 is expressed in human and mouse hearts, in the latter confined to the cardiomyocyte plasmalemma. AQP4 mRNA expression is downregulated by hypoxia and ischemia. Deletion of AQP4 is protective in acute myocardial ischemia-reperfusion, and this molecule might be a future target in the treatment of acute myocardial infarction.
Authors:
Arkady Rutkovskiy; Kåre-Olav Stensløkken; Lars Henrik Mariero; Biljana Skrbic; Mahmood Amiry-Moghaddam; Vigdis Hillestad; Guro Valen; Marie-Claude Perreault; Ole Petter Ottersen; Lars Gullestad; Christen P Dahl; Jarle Vaage
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-07-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Basic research in cardiology     Volume:  107     ISSN:  1435-1803     ISO Abbreviation:  Basic Res. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-07-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0360342     Medline TA:  Basic Res Cardiol     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  280     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Institute of Experimental Medical Research, Institute for Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway, arkady.rutkovskiy@medisin.uio.no.
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