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Aquaporin-2 urinary excretion in preterm infants: relationship to diuresis and vasopressin.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20618170     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIMS: Few investigations have explored the urinary aquaporin-2 (u-AQP2) excretion pattern after birth in preterm infants with conflicting results regarding the correlation between u-AQP2, urinary osmolality and vasopressin. The aims of this study were to evaluate u-AQP2 excretion during the first week of life in preterm infants, to correlate u-AQP2 with other markers of renal function and to investigate the relationship between u-AQP2, urinary tonicity and arginine-vasopressin in the immature kidney.
METHODS: In infants born less than 33 weeks daily diuresis, u-AQP2, urinary arginine-vasopressin, urine and plasma tonicity, creatinine and electrolytes were measured through the first 7 days of life.
RESULTS: Fifty-five infants were evaluated. u-AQP2 excretion showed the following profile: the highest u-AQP2 levels were found on day 2 and values remained significantly higher until day 5 with respect to day 1. On day 6, u-AQP2 levels significantly decreased to values closer to those found on day 1. u-AQP2 excretion was not associated with arginine-vasopressin while significant, but weak association was found with urinary tonicity (r = -0.20; -0.32 < r < -0.11; P < 0.05). u-AQP2 excretion and creatinine clearance were significantly associated during the study period (r = 0.19; 0.08 < r < 0.29; P < 0.05). There was a strong association between totally u-AQP2 excretion and diuresis over the week (r = 0.72; 0.66 < r < 0.76; P < 0.0001).
CONCLUSION: Significant variations occur in AQP2 expression levels during the first week of life in preterm infants. AQP2 does not seem to contribute to the urinary concentration ability after birth. Further investigations are required to elucidate the mechanisms underlying the strong association between diuresis and u-AQP2 excretion in early postnatal life.
Authors:
S Iacobelli; J B Gouyon; F Bonsante; L Mastrofrancesco; M Svelto; G Valenti
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta physiologica (Oxford, England)     Volume:  200     ISSN:  1748-1716     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Physiol (Oxf)     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-09     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101262545     Medline TA:  Acta Physiol (Oxf)     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  339-45     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2010 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2010 Scandinavian Physiological Society.
Affiliation:
Department of Paediatrics, University Hospital of Dijon, France.
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