Document Detail


Aquacultural and socio-economic aspects of processing carps into some value-added products.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11991079     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Carps are the mainstay of Indian aquaculture, contributing over 90% to the total fish production, which was estimated to be 1.77 million metric tonnes in 1996. Carp culture has a great potential for waste utilization and thus for pollution abatement. Many wastes such as cow, poultry, pig, duck, goat, and sheep excreta, biogas slurry, effluents from different kinds of factories/industries have been efficiently used for enhancing the productivity of natural food of carps and related species. Besides, several organic wastes/byproducts such as plant products, wastes from animal husbandry, and industrial by-products have been used as carp feed ingredients to lower the cost of supplementary feeding. However, to ensure the continued expansion of fish ponds and the pollution control, there must be a market for the fish (carps) produced in these ponds. The carps have, however, a low market value due to the presence of intra-muscular bones, which reduces their consumer acceptability. Thus, a need was felt to develop some boneless convenience products for enhancing the consumer acceptability of the carps. Efforts were made to prepare three value-added fish products, namely fish patty, fish finger and fish salad from carp flesh and were compared with a reference product ('fish pakoura'). Sensory evaluation of these products gave highly encouraging results. The methods of preparation of these products were transferred to some progressive farmers of the region who prepared and sold these products at very attractive prices. Carp processing has a great potential for the establishment of a fish ancillary industry and thus for boosting the production of these species. In Punjab alone, there is a potential of consuming 32,448 metric tonnes per annum of such value-added products (which would require 54,080 metric tonnes of raw fish). The development of value-added products has a significant role in raising the socio-economic status of the people associated with carp culture. The average cost of production of these products was estimated to be INR 80 per kg. With a sale price of INR 110 per kg, and a sale of 50 kg per day of the value-added products (26 days a month), the average monthly income of a carp-processing unit comes to be INR 39,000 (929 USD, approximately).
Authors:
H S Sehgal; G K Sehgal
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Bioresource technology     Volume:  82     ISSN:  0960-8524     ISO Abbreviation:  Bioresour. Technol.     Publication Date:  2002 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-05-06     Completed Date:  2002-12-20     Revised Date:  2003-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9889523     Medline TA:  Bioresour Technol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  291-3     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Fisheries Research Division, Regional Research Station, Punjab Agricultural University, Ropar, India.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Biological Products
Biotechnology / economics*,  methods*
Carps
Fish Products* / analysis
Fishes
Food / economics*
Food Handling / methods*
Food Technology
Socioeconomic Factors
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Biological Products

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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