Document Detail

Appropriateness of domiciliary oxygen delivery.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11083678     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: Almost every country in the developed world has a domiciliary oxygen program. Whether recipients meet program criteria has not been rigorously studied.
DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey.
PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred thirty-seven patients receiving domiciliary oxygen in the Ontario Ministry of Health Home Oxygen Program (HOP).
METHODS: A respiratory therapist visited the patients' homes and administered questionnaires, obtained resting arterial blood gas measurements, and conducted a standardized home exercise test while monitoring oxygen saturation using an oximeter.
MEASURES OF OUTCOME: We evaluated the extent to which patients met HOP criteria that are based on the inclusion criteria of randomized trials showing the life-prolonging effects of domiciliary oxygen. We also assessed the extent to which the patients' oxygen prescription was consistent with the results of rest and exercise testing.
RESULTS: Ninety-six of 237 participants (40.5%; 95% confidence interval, 34.3 to 46.8) did not meet criteria for home oxygen. Patients aged < or = 70 years were more likely to meet criteria (71 of 105 patients; 67.9%) than those > 70 years old (70 of 132 patients; 53.0%). The proportion of patients meeting criteria was similar whether the referring physician was a specialist (71 of 112 patients; 62.5%) or a primary-care physician (69 of 123 patients; 56. 1%). A very important health benefit from oxygen was identified among 82% of those who met criteria and 88% of those who did not. Patients received higher flow rates than our criteria suggested were appropriate. Agreement between the independently assessed oxygen prescription at rest and the patients' report of oxygen use was extremely poor (chance-corrected agreement [kappa], 0.17), as was agreement concerning optimal exercise flow rates (kappa, 0.26).
CONCLUSIONS: Current procedures for administration and reimbursement of home oxygen result in a large proportion of recipients not meeting criteria, as well as the prescription of excessive oxygen flow rates. These results are likely to apply to many jurisdictions and suggest a large potential for more efficient resource allocation.
G H Guyatt; D A McKim; P Austin; R Bryan; J Norgren; B Weaver; R S Goldstein
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chest     Volume:  118     ISSN:  0012-3692     ISO Abbreviation:  Chest     Publication Date:  2000 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-11-29     Completed Date:  2000-12-14     Revised Date:  2014-07-28    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0231335     Medline TA:  Chest     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1303-8     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Carbon Dioxide / blood
Confidence Intervals
Cross-Sectional Studies
Exercise Test
Forced Expiratory Volume / physiology
Home Care Services, Hospital-Based*
Logistic Models
Lung Diseases, Obstructive / physiopathology,  therapy
Oxygen / administration & dosage,  blood
Oxygen Consumption / physiology
Oxygen Inhalation Therapy*
Patient Selection
Physical Exertion / physiology
Referral and Consultation
Respiratory Therapy
Rest / physiology
Reg. No./Substance:
142M471B3J/Carbon Dioxide; S88TT14065/Oxygen
Comment In:
Chest. 2001 Jul;120(1):318-9   [PMID:  11451861 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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